Abstract

Using a continuous-wave Type II optical parametric oscillator below threshold, we have demonstrated a novel source of heralded single photons with high fidelity. The generated state is characterized by homodyne detection and exhibits a 79% fidelity with a single-photon Fock state (91% after correction of detection loss). The low admixture of vacuum and the well-defined spatiotemporal mode are critical requirements for their subsequent use in quantum information processing.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 012002 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Sangouard and H. Zbinden, eprint arXiv:1202.0493.
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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. I. Lvovsky, and M. G. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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  21. R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.
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    [CrossRef]

2011

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 012002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Berry and A. I. Lvovsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. B. Nielsen and K. Mölmer, Phys. Rev. A 75, 023806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Wakui, H. Takahashi, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, Opt. Express 15, 3568 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Meholt Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik, Opt. Express 15, 7940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1986

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Aichele, T.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Amri, T.

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Babichev, S. A.

Bancal, J.-D.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Barrios, E.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

Bellini, M.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benson, O.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berry, D. W.

D. W. Berry and A. I. Lvovsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Browne, D. E.

M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buller, G. S.

G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 012002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cairns, E.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

Chou, C. W.

Collins, R. J.

G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 012002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coudreau, T.

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Auria, V.

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

de Riedmatten, H.

Dowling, J. P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

Furusawa, A.

Gisin, N.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Gong, Y.-X.

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, Ph.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, and Ph. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G.-C.

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, H.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Huisman, S. R.

Huntington, E. H.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

Jain, N.

Keller, G.

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laurat, J.

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Express 14, 6912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Lee, N.

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lvovsky, A. I.

D. W. Berry and A. I. Lvovsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Lvovsky, and M. G. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Huisman, N. Jain, S. A. Babichev, F. Vewinger, A. N. Zhang, S. H. Youn, and A. I. Lvovsky, Opt. Lett. 34, 2739 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

MacRae, A.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Meholt Nielsen, B.

Melholt Nielsen, B.

Milburn, G. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mölmer, K.

A. E. B. Nielsen and K. Mölmer, Phys. Rev. A 75, 023806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morin, O.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Munro, W. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neergaard-Nielsen, J. S.

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, A. E. B.

A. E. B. Nielsen and K. Mölmer, Phys. Rev. A 75, 023806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ourjoumtsev, A.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, and Ph. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Ralph, T. C.

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

A. I. Lvovsky, and M. G. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, T.

M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sangouard, N.

N. Sangouard and H. Zbinden, eprint arXiv:1202.0493.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Sasaki, M.

Schiller, S.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schomburg, E. W.

Sekatski, P.

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

Takahashi, H.

Treps, N.

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tualle-Brouri, R.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, and Ph. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Varnava, M.

M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vewinger, F.

Viciani, S.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vistnes, A. I.

Wakui, K.

Youn, S. H.

Zavatta, A.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Sangouard and H. Zbinden, eprint arXiv:1202.0493.

Zhang, A. N.

Zhu, S.-N.

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.-B.

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 012002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Y.-X. Gong, X.-B. Zou, T. C. Ralph, S.-N. Zhu, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 052303 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, T. Coudreau, G. Keller, N. Treps, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. A 70, 042315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. E. B. Nielsen and K. Mölmer, Phys. Rev. A 75, 023806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, and Ph. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. D’Auria, N. Lee, T. Amri, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 050504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Berry and A. I. Lvovsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Lvovsky, and M. G. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

O. Morin, J.-D. Bancal, M. Ho, P. Sekatski, V. D’Auria, N. Gisin, J. Laurat, and N. Sangouard, eprint arXiv:1206.5734.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, eprint arXiv:1111.4012.

N. Sangouard and H. Zbinden, eprint arXiv:1202.0493.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. A continuous-wave Type II optical parametric oscillator (OPO) is pumped far below threshold. The orthogonally polarized signal and idler modes are separated by a polarizing beam splitter (PBS). The idler mode is frequency filtered (conditioning path) and detected by a superconducting single-photon detector (SSPD). Given a detection event, the heralded single photon is characterized by homodyne detection. FP, Fabry–Perot cavity; IF, interferential filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

High-fidelity single photon. (a) Measured quadrature obtained from 50,000 acquisitions. The black solid line is a fit of the experimental data, while the blue solid line provides the distribution for a perfect single-photon state and the gray line for the vacuum. (b) Diagonal elements of the density matrix, with and without correction from detection losses. (c) Corresponding Wigner function. The solid lines give the cross section for a perfect single photon and the experimental cross section after correction. x and p denote quadrature components.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Experimental Efficiencies

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