Abstract

We show that the polarization of linearly polarized light can be rotated an arbitrary angle by double-layer metal hole array structures in a subwavelength regime. The transmitted light with the rotated polarization, however, remains of nearly the same strength as the incident field at particular frequencies. The mechanism can be attributed to the subwavelength feature of the rectangular holes, and the tangential guiding modes between layers modulated by the orientation of the holes. The structures have potential applications as polarization rotators in a broad frequency range covering from terahertz (THz) to infrared frequencies.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211105 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Novitsky, and V. M. Galynsky, Opt. Lett. 34, 1988 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
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  13. A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Z. Marcet, Z. H. Hang, C. T. Chan, I. Kravchenko, J. Bower, R. Cirelli, F. Klemens, W. Mansfield, J. Miner, C. S. Pai, and H. B. Chan, Opt. Lett. 35, 2124 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. The polarization of the light just passing through the upper plate is perpendicular to the longer sides of the holes in it, which means the polarization is 5° above the x axis for the case (θ,φ)=(5°,90°). The final polarization for the case rotating clockwise is along the minus y-direction, which means the polarization is rotated by 180°−|φ−θ|=95°, while that for the case rotating anticlockwise is along the positive y-direction, which means the rotated angle is |φ−θ|=85°. Consequently, the larger the difference between θ and φ becomes, the smaller the difference of the angles rotating clockwise and anticlockwise is.
  21. X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. Marcet, Z. H. Hang, C. T. Chan, I. Kravchenko, J. Bower, R. Cirelli, F. Klemens, W. Mansfield, J. Miner, C. S. Pai, and H. B. Chan, Opt. Lett. 35, 2124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Novitsky, and V. M. Galynsky, Opt. Lett. 34, 1988 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1982

P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1969

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bai, B.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bower, J.

Brolo, A.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, I.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J. X.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

Chan, H. B.

Cirelli, R.

Dokmeci, M.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V.

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galynsky, V. M.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F.

F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Z. H.

Hangyo, M.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. M.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, T.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, K.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klemens, F.

Kong, J. A.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, Th.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kravchenko, I.

Kuipers, L.

F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laukkanen, J.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lehmuskero, A.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F. F.

MacNaughton, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mansfield, W.

Marcet, Z.

Martin-Moreno, L.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mary, A.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miner, J.

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cia, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Novitsky, A. V.

Osipov, M.

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pai, C. S.

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L. X.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, A.

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanda, P.

P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Schwanecke, A.

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Selvarasah, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, P.

P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shrekenhamer, D.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sonkusale, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stepleman, R.

P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Svirko, Y.

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Totachawattana, A.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. M.

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. M.

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yin, X. G.

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Y.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. A.

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, R.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N.

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

J. Xu, T. Li, F. F. Lu, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Express 19, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhukovsky, S. V.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, H. Liu, S. M. Wang, X. G. Yin, F. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. Averitt, M. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. Padilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 053102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, Nat. Photon. 3, 157 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

P. Sheng, R. Stepleman, and P. Sanda, Phys. Rev. B 26, 2907 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 83, 035105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Bai, J. Laukkanen, A. Lehmuskero, and J. Turunen, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. B 80, 165431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rogacheva, V. Fedotov, A. Schwanecke, and N. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908(2007).
[CrossRef]

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Other

The polarization of the light just passing through the upper plate is perpendicular to the longer sides of the holes in it, which means the polarization is 5° above the x axis for the case (θ,φ)=(5°,90°). The final polarization for the case rotating clockwise is along the minus y-direction, which means the polarization is rotated by 180°−|φ−θ|=95°, while that for the case rotating anticlockwise is along the positive y-direction, which means the rotated angle is |φ−θ|=85°. Consequently, the larger the difference between θ and φ becomes, the smaller the difference of the angles rotating clockwise and anticlockwise is.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of the geometry of the double-layer metal hole array; in the inset (on the right side) the red arrow presents the polarization of the dominant mode in the upper hole, and the blue arrow shows the polarization of the dominant mode in the lower hole. The angle difference between them in clockwise direction is |θφ|. (b) The transmission spectra for the cases (θ,φ)=(0°,30°) and (θ,φ)=(0°,60°): the blue (dash), black (solid) and red (solid) curves are for the case (θ,φ)=(0°,30°), and the turquoise (dash), dark red (solid) and pink (solid) curves are for the case (θ,φ)=(0°,60°). (c) The transmission spectra and PCR for the case (θ,φ)=(5°,90°); the inset shows the details around the transmission peaks.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Tangential field distributions on the x-y planes at different vertical heights in the gap at ωd/c=5.6041: (a) on the lower surface of the upper plate z=h+h1 ([the origin of the coordinate is defined in Fig. 1 (a)], (b) on the plane z=h+h1*4/5, (c) on the plane z=h+h1*3/5, (d) on the plane z=h+h1*2/5, (e) on the plane z=h+h1/5, (f) on the upper surface of the lower plate z=h. The smaller arrows in each figure present the directions of the local tangential fields, and the larger ones at the right up corners are to present how the tangential fields at the center point rotate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tangential field distributions on the x-y planes at different vertical heights in the gap at ωd/c=5.6332: (a) on the lower surface of the upper plate z=h+h1, (b) on the plane z=h+h1*4/5, (c) on the plane z=h+h1*3/5, (d) on the plane z=h+h1*2/5, (e) on the plane z=h+h1/5, (f) on the upper surface of the lower plate z=h. The smaller arrows in each figure present the directions of the local tangential fields, and the larger ones at the right up corners are to show how the tangential fields at the center point rotate.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Proposed process flow for the fabrication of the polarization rotator; (b) the schematic configuration of the polarization rotator: the shielded region denotes the Parylene-C thin film; (c) the transmission spectra and PCR: the insets show the details around the three double-peak profiles. PCR is almost 1 around the transmission peaks.

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