Abstract

We report successful energy scaling of a room-temperature femtosecond Cr4+: forsterite laser by using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber (SWCNT-SA). By incorporating a q-preserving multipass cavity, a repetition rate of 4.51 MHz was realized, and the oscillator produced 121 fs, 10 nJ pulses at 1247 nm, with an average output power of 46 mW. To the best of our knowledge, the peak power of 84 kW is the highest generated to date from a SWCNT-SA mode-locked oscillator. Furthermore, energy scaling of a femtosecond multipass-cavity laser, mode-locked using a SWCNT-SA, is demonstrated for the first time.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. H. Baek, S. Y. Choi, H. W. Lee, W. B. Cho, V. Petrov, A. Agnesi, V. Pasiskevicius, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Opt. Express 19, 7833 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, Opt. Lett. 33, 2449 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Opt. Express 20, 5313 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Y. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, Opt. Spectrosc. 105, 280 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Huang, M. Ulman, L. H. Acioli, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 511 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2004

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

Acioli, L. H.

Agnesi, A.

Au, J. A. d.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baek, I. H.

Boppart, S. A.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brezinski, M. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chassagne, B.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, P. C.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, S.-W.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Fedorov, V. Y.

V. Y. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, Opt. Spectrosc. 105, 280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fuhrberg, P.

Fujimoto, J. G.

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, M. Ulman, L. H. Acioli, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Haus, H. A.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

Huber, G.

Ippen, E. P.

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, I.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. Y. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, Opt. Spectrosc. 105, 280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

I. H. Baek, S. Y. Choi, H. W. Lee, W. B. Cho, V. Petrov, A. Agnesi, V. Pasiskevicius, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Opt. Express 19, 7833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koopmann, P.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M.

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. W.

Lee, S.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, Opt. Lett. 33, 2449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.-L.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.-M.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oberle, J.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Petrov, V.

Pitris, C.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rulliere, C.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Opt. Express 20, 5313 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Southern, J. F.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ulman, M.

Wang, Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D. I.

Yim, J. H.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, Opt. Lett. 33, 2449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, D. I. Yeom, K. Kim, and F. Rotermund, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Liu, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 104, 835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Sennaroglu, A. M. Kowalevicz, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. d. Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

B. Chassagne, A. Ivanov, J. Oberle, G. Jonusauskas, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Commun. 141, 69 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc.

V. Y. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, Opt. Spectrosc. 105, 280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scanning

T.-M. Liu, S.-W. Chiu, C.-K. Sun, B.-L. Lin, P. C. Cheng, and I. Johnson, Scanning 23, 249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the composite Cr4+: forsterite laser containing the multipass cavity, dispersion controlling optics, and the carbon nanotube saturable absorber (SWCNT-SA).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power efficiency curves during CW operation of the Cr4+: forsterite laser with different resonator architectures (DCO, dispersion control optics).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum and collinear autocorrelation (inset) of the Cr4+: forsterite laser mode-locked with SWCNT-SA.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Wτ=4|D|γ.
γ=γg+γair=2πλ(n22lgAeffg+n2air2lairAeffair),

Metrics