Abstract

A static polarization-difference imaging spectrometer is conceptually described and demonstrated through experiment. It consists of a Wollaston prism, a Savart polariscope, a linear analyzer, and a CCD camera. This design improves the existing polarization-difference system by eliminating its moving parts and obtaining the spectral variation of the polarization state, and making the system more compact and robust. After simultaneously acquiring two sequential interference images corresponding to two orthogonal polarization states, the hyperspectral images of the states can be reconstructed, respectively. The use of uniaxial birefringent crystal can widen the detectable spectral region.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

C. Zhang, X. Yan, and B. Zhao, Opt. Commun. 281, 2050 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1989 (1)

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. N. Lythgoe and C. C. Hemmings, Nature 213, 893 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

Baarstad, I.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Backman, V.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Badizadegan, K.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beniere, A.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bénière, A.

Berginc, G.

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boreman, G. D.

Bourderionnet, J.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chance, B.

A. Yodh and B. Chance, Phys. Today 48(3), 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chenault, D. B.

Dasari, R. R.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Engheta, N.

Feld, M. S.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Georgakoudi, I.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, D. L.

Goudail, F.

Grisard, A.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gurjar, R. S.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hemmings, C. C.

J. N. Lythgoe and C. C. Hemmings, Nature 213, 893 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jian, X.

Kaspersen, P.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loke, T.

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lythgoe, J. N.

J. N. Lythgoe and C. C. Hemmings, Nature 213, 893 (1967).
[CrossRef]

MacKintosh, F. C.

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mu, T.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Normandin, X.

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Beniere, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Appl. Opt. 48, 1610 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perelman, L. T.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pine, D. J.

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pugh, E. N.

Ren, W.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rowe, M. P.

Sellar, R. G.

Shaw, J. A.

Tyo, J. S.

Weitz, D. A.

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Xiangli, B.

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

C. Zhang, X. Yan, and B. Zhao, Opt. Commun. 281, 2050 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yodh, A.

A. Yodh and B. Chance, Phys. Today 48(3), 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and X. Jian, Opt. Lett. 35, 366 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Jian, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 18, 5674 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, X. Yan, and B. Zhao, Opt. Commun. 281, 2050 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Jian, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 18, 5674 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

X. Jian, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 18, 5674 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, X. Yan, and B. Zhao, Opt. Commun. 281, 2050 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. X.

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

T. Mu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, L. Zhang, and X. Jian, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Med. (1)

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Nat. Med. 7, 1245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. N. Lythgoe and C. C. Hemmings, Nature 213, 893 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Zhang, X. Yan, and B. Zhao, Opt. Commun. 281, 2050 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, Opt. Commun. 203, 21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

A. Yodh and B. Chance, Phys. Today 48(3), 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Beniere, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Loke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, Proc. SPIE 7323, 732310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

ChromoDynamics, Inc., http://www.chromodynamics.net/ .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical layout of PDIIS. L0, L1, L2, lens; M, filed stop; WP, Wollaston prism; SP, Savart polariscope; LA, linear analyzer; CCD, charge-coupled device. States of polarization at each polarization element are also shown in inset.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Interference images for 0°, 90°, and 45° linearly polarized He–Ne laser and polychromatic light recorded by the CCD.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reconstructed spectra for (a) 45° linearly polarized He–Ne laser and (b) polychromatic light.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Sequential interference images for a negative 1951 USAF resolution target illuminated with natural polychromatic light. (b) Reconstructed orthogonal spectral images.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Sequential interference images for an orange illuminated with 0° polarized polychromatic light. (b) Reconstructed orthogonal spectral images.

Equations (2)

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E=JLA(JSP1+JSP2ei2πσΔ)JWP1Ei,E=JLA(JSP1+JSP2ei2πσΔ)JWP2Ei,
I(x)=1/2[Ix(σ)+Ix(σ)cos(2πσxd/f2)],I(x)=1/2[Iy(σ)Iy(σ)cos(2πσxd/f2)],

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