We have designed miniaturized, simple, and robust cameras composed of a single diffractive optical element (DOE) that generates a continuously self-imaging (CSI) beam. Two different DOEs are explored: the Bessel transmittance, characterized by a continuous optical transfer function (OTF) and the CSI grating (CSIG), characterized by a sparse OTF. In this Letter, we will analyze the properties of both DOEs in terms of radiometric performances. We will demonstrate that the noise robustness is enhanced for a CSIG, thanks to the sparsity of its OTF. A camera using this DOE has been made and experimental images are presented to illustrate the noise robustness.
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