Abstract

Tang and Cohen [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010)] recently demonstrated a scheme to enhance the chiral response of molecules, which relies on the use of circularly polarized light in a standing wave configuration. Here we show a new type of light that possesses orbital angular momentum and enhanced chiral response. In the locations where the beams show enhanced optical chirality, only the longitudinal components of the electric and magnetic fields survive, which has unexpectedly shown what we believe is a new way to yield an enhanced optical chiral response.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. W. Anderson, Science 177, 393 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity (Cambridge University, 2004).
  3. Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Science 332, 333 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).
  7. L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. P. Craig and T. Thirunamachandran, Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics (Dover, 1984).
  14. N. Yang and A. E. Cohen, J. Phys. Chem. 115, 5304 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).
  18. C. Hnatovsky, V. Shvedov, N. Shostka, A. Rode, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 226 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Y. Bliokh and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 83, 021803 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. L. Andrews and M. M. Coles, Proc. SPIE 8274, 827405 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

K. Y. Bliokh and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 83, 021803 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Yang and A. E. Cohen, J. Phys. Chem. 115, 5304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Science 332, 333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. W. Anderson, Science 177, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrescu, A.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

P. W. Anderson, Science 177, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, D. L.

D. L. Andrews and M. M. Coles, Proc. SPIE 8274, 827405 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Araoka, F.

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Babiker, M.

D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barron, L. D.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity (Cambridge University, 2004).

Bartolino, R.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

Bennett, C. R.

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beversluis, M. R.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bliokh, K. Y.

K. Y. Bliokh and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 83, 021803 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Broer, D. J.

W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carpy, T.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Cerda, S.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

Clays, K.

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, A. E.

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Science 332, 333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Yang and A. E. Cohen, J. Phys. Chem. 115, 5304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cojoc, D.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coles, M. M.

D. L. Andrews and M. M. Coles, Proc. SPIE 8274, 827405 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Craig, D. P.

D. P. Craig and T. Thirunamachandran, Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics (Dover, 1984).

Davila Romero, L. C.

D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Di Fabrizio, E.

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gadegaard, N.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garces-Chavez, V.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, R. J.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

Hnatovsky, C.

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

Johnston, J.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kadodwala, M.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S. M.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

Lapthorn, A. J.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Löffler, W.

W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

Mikhaylovskiy, R. V.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nori, F.

K. Y. Bliokh and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 83, 021803 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pane, A.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

Persoons, A.

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popland, M.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A.

Shostka, N.

Shvedov, V.

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Science 332, 333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thirunamachandran, T.

D. P. Craig and T. Thirunamachandran, Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics (Dover, 1984).

Verbiest, T.

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, N.

N. Yang and A. E. Cohen, J. Phys. Chem. 115, 5304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Youngworth, K. S.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, A. Pane, R. J. Hernandez, and R. Bartolino, Adv. Mater. 23, 7753 (2011).

J. Opt. B

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garces-Chavez, S. Chavez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, J. Opt. B 4, S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

N. Yang and A. E. Cohen, J. Phys. Chem. 115, 5304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature Nanotechnol.

E. Hendry, T. Carpy, J. Johnston, M. Popland, R. V. Mikhaylovskiy, A. J. Lapthorn, S. M. Kelly, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, Nature Nanotechnol. 5, 783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

D. L. Andrews, L. C. Davila Romero, and M. Babiker, Opt. Commun. 237, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

F. Araoka, T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. A 71, 055401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Löffler, D. J. Broer, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 83, 065801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 83, 021803 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 163901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Babiker, C. R. Bennett, D. L. Andrews, and L. C. Davila Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Alexandrescu, D. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

D. L. Andrews and M. M. Coles, Proc. SPIE 8274, 827405 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt.

L. Allen, M. J. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

Y. Tang and A. E. Cohen, Science 332, 333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Anderson, Science 177, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity (Cambridge University, 2004).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

D. P. Craig and T. Thirunamachandran, Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics (Dover, 1984).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Relative dissymmetry factor as a function of the polarization angle ϕ for two values of the ratio r = | B | / | A | : r = 0.95 (red lines) and r = 1.05 (black lines), and three values of the angle ξ : 0° (solid), 90° (dashed) and 180° (dotted). In all cases, k t / k = 0.1 .

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p = μ E E + i G B m = μ B B i G E ,
C = ω ϵ 0 2 I [ E ( r ) · B * ( r ) ] .
E ( r ) = E 0 { ( α x ^ + β y ^ ) J m ( k t ρ ) exp ( i m φ ) + i k t 2 k z [ ( α + i β ) J m 1 ( k t ρ ) exp [ i ( m 1 ) φ ] ( α i β ) J m + 1 ( k t ρ ) exp [ i ( m + 1 ) φ ] ] } z ^ ,
E ( 0 ) = i E 0 k t 2 k z [ A exp ( i ϕ ) B exp ( i ϕ ) ] z ^ B ( 0 ) = E 0 k t 2 ω [ A exp ( i ϕ ) + B exp ( i ϕ ) ] z ^ .
U e = ϵ 0 k t 2 | E 0 | 2 16 k z 2 [ | A | 2 + | B | 2 2 | A | | B | cos ( 2 ϕ ξ ) ] C = ϵ 0 k t 2 | E 0 | 2 8 k z ( | A | 2 | B | 2 ) ,
g g CPL = k z k | A | 2 | B | 2 | A | 2 + | B | 2 2 | A | | B | cos ( 2 ϕ ξ ) .

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