Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a demodulation scheme for 20Gbaud/s nonreturn-to-zero differential quadrature phase-shift keying signals using a silicon microring resonator. Either the I or Q channel can be selected by electrical tuning using the carrier depletion effect. Error-free (bit error rate <109) operations can be achieved for both the I and Q channels with 1.5dB power penalty compared with a commercial 20 GHz Mach–Zehnder delay interferometer. The tuning range of the ring resonator can be up to 60 GHz, which enables operation over a wide range of data rates.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  8. L. Xiang, Y. M. Xu, Y. Yu, and X. L. Zhang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1595 (2012).
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  10. R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745 (2004).
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2012 (3)

2011 (2)

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. Zhang, J.-Y. Yang, Y. C. Li, M. P. Song, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, and Y.-H. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

L. Zhang, J.-Y. Yang, M. P. Song, Y. C. Li, B. Zhang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Express 15, 11564 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Bach, H.-G.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Bowers, J. E.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Buhl, L. L.

Cappuzzo, M. A.

Carter, A. C.

R. A. Griffin and A. C. Carter, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC) (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E. Y.

Chen, H.-W.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Chen, L.

C. R. Doerr and L. Chen, in European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010).

Chen, X.

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. Z.

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C.-C.

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, and Y.-H. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, D. M. Gill, A. H. Gnauck, L. L. Buhl, P. J. Winzer, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr and L. Chen, in European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010).

Essiambre, R.-J.

P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, Proc. IEEE 94, 952 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faralli, S.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Fernandez, I. M.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Fung, K. Y.

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, J. M.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Gill, D. M.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gomez, L. T.

Griffin, R. A.

R. A. Griffin and A. C. Carter, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC) (Optical Society of America, 2002).

Halir, R.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Hoffmann, D.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Kunkel, R.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Lei, G. K. P.

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. C.

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lo, S. M. G.

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lyubomirsky, I.

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, and Y.-H. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. C.

Nguyen, K. N.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Petermann, K.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peters, J. D.

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

Saito, Y.

Sakai, Y.

Shinobu, F.

Shu, C.

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, M. P.

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

Tamanuki, T.

Tian, H.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tillack, B.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Voigt, K.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.-H.

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, and Y.-H. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weinert, C. M.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, G.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, C. Y.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wong-Foy, A.

Xiang, L.

Xu, K.

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y. M.

Yang, J.-Y.

Yu, Y.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X. L.

Zimmermann, L.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. Xu, G. K. P. Lei, Z. Z. Cheng, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1221 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, C. Li, K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, and Y.-H. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1765 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, H. Tian, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 284, 172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, Proc. IEEE 94, 952 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. A. Griffin and A. C. Carter, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC) (Optical Society of America, 2002).

S. Faralli, K. N. Nguyen, H.-W. Chen, J. D. Peters, J. M. Garcia, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011).

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. M. Fernandez, and R. Halir, in IEEE International Conference on Indium Phosphide & Related Materials (IEEE, 2009).

C. R. Doerr and L. Chen, in European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Top-view SEM images of the fabricated silicon microring resonators (MRRs) with integrated diode. (b) TE-polarized transmission characteristic of the MRR with different bias voltages.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the silicon MRR-based demodulation scheme for 20Gbaud/s DQPSK signals.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Eye diagram of the generated 20Gbaud/s NRZ-DQPSK signals. (b), (c) Measured eye diagram of the demodulated AMI signal with a frequency offset of 5GHz and +5GHz, representing the I and Q channels. (d) Measured eye diagram of the demodulated AMI signal with a 0.1 V bias drift (Δf=5.5GHz). (e), (f) Measured optical spectrum of the demodulated AMI signal with a frequency offset of 5GHz (λres=1547.266nm) and +5GHz (λres=1547.306nm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Bit error rate performances of the MRR-based demodulator and a commercial 20 GHz MZDI-based demodulator with single-end detection. Inset: (a) Eye diagram of the demodulated AMI signal using MZDI. (b) Eye diagram of the demodulated DB signal using MZDI.

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