Abstract

We describe the design optimization of a higher-order-mode (HOM) fiber for energetic soliton propagation at wavelengths below 1300 nm. A new HOM fiber is fabricated according to our design criteria. The HOM fiber is pumped at 1045 nm by an energetic femtosecond fiber laser. The soliton self-frequency shift process shifts the center wavelength of the soliton to 1085 nm. The soliton has a temporal duration of 216 fs and a pulse energy of 6.3 nJ. The demonstrated pulse energy is approximately six times higher than the previous record in a solid core fiber at wavelengths below 1300 nm.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

Martin E. V. Pedersen, Ji Cheng, Kriti Charan, Ke Wang, Chris Xu, Lars Grüner-Nielsen, and Dan Jakobsen, "Higher-order-mode fiber optimized for energetic soliton propagation: erratum," Opt. Lett. 38, 3185-3185 (2013)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-38-16-3185

References

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2011 (1)

D. Kobat, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 106014 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

L. Kong, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, Laser Phys. 20, 834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Kobat, M. E. Durst, N. Nishimura, A. W. Wong, C. B. Schaffer, and C. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 13354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, JSTQE 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chandalia, J. K.

Cormack, I.

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Durst, M. E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghalmi, S.

Horton, N. G.

D. Kobat, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 106014 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Howe, J. V.

Jakobsen, D.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Jespersen, K.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Karow, H.

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Kobat, D.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kong, L.

L. Kong, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, Laser Phys. 20, 834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S. G.

Kracht, D.

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, JSTQE 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Liu, X.

Monberg, E.

Morgner, U.

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mu¨ller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishimura, N.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Palsdottir, B.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Palsson, T.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Pedersen, M.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Ramachandran, S.

Reid, D.

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rottwitt, K.

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

Russell, P.

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Schultz, M.

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F.

Wisk, P.

Wong, A. W.

Xiao, X.

L. Kong, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, Laser Phys. 20, 834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Yan, M. F.

Yang, C.

L. Kong, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, Laser Phys. 20, 834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

I. Cormack, D. Reid, W. Wadsworth, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Electron. Lett. 38, 167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

D. Kobat, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 106014 (2011).
[CrossRef]

JSTQE (1)

J. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, JSTQE 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

L. Kong, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, Laser Phys. 20, 834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Schultz, H. Karow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, Opt. Commun. 282, 2567 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Ramachandran, ed., Fiber Based Dispersion Compensation (Springer, 2007).

M. Pedersen, T. Palsson, K. Jespersen, D. Jakobsen, B. Palsdottir, and K. Rottwitt, in 2011 IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 571–572.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic refractive index profile of the core and the ring waveguides that make up the triple clad waveguide structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Mode-crossing wavelength as a function of the DAeff product at wavelength of 1060 nm for a number of different waveguide perturbations.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Effective indices of the lowest four propagating modes in the HOM fiber, with respect to pure silica.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Effective index for the LP01 mode in the core waveguide and the effective indices for the LP01 and LP11 in the ring waveguide. All the effective indices are shown with respect to pure silica.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dispersion, effective area, and DAeff product curves of the LP02 mode.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Measured spectrum with the shifted soliton pulse together with a simulation corresponding to the pulse propagation in the LP02 mode. (b) Corresponding measured intensity autocorrelation of the soliton pulse.

Equations (1)

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Esol=N2λ3DAeff2π2cn2IT0DAeff,

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