Abstract

We report the first (to our knowledge) development of a Bi/Er/Al/P codoped germanosilica optical fiber showing ultrabroadband luminescence between 1000 and 1570 nm, covering O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands, when pumped by 532, 808, or 980 nm lasers. The fluorescence profiles are found highly pump wavelength dependent, closely associated with different combinations of excitations from both Bi centers and Er ions as active centers. With a proper selection of pump wavelength(s), this Bi/Er codoped fiber could be used as an ultrabroadband gain medium for ultrabroadband amplified spontaneous emission sources, fiber lasers, or amplifiers in telecommunications and in other fields.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 36, 2408 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, Opt. Express 13, 6892 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.
  5. S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Sugimoto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1083 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Shin and J. H. Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1452 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 20799 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 2227 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shin and J. H. Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1452 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 2227 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, Opt. Express 13, 6892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Sugimoto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1083 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boyland, A. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Chen, B.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chung, W. H.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 36, 2408 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 2227 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Dong, G.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Firstov, S. V.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guranov, A. N.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Guryanov, A. N.

Hanada, T.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayahi, H.

H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ito, S.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kuwada, Y.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Liang, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

Ming, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 20799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

Qiu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J. H.

Shubin, A. V.

Standish, R. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1083 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Wai, P. K. A.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

Xu, S.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

Yoo, S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

Zhang, Q.

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 20799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. L.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

N. Sugimoto, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1083 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. HanadaJ. Lumin. 87–89, 670 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3036 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1531 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 20, 1418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, Mater. Chem. Phys. 86, 430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

H. Hayahi, N. Sugimoto, and S. Tanabe, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, Proc. SPIE 5644, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guranov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005, Vol. 4 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 949–950.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectrum of the Bi/Er/Al/P codoped germanosilica fiber. The A, B, C, and D bands correspond to the excited states (ESs): ES4, ES3, ES2, and ES1 of the Bi center, respectively; and H11/22, F9/24, I9/24, I11/24 and I13/24 are the states of the Er ion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Luminescence spectra of the Bi/Er codoped fiber pumped by 532 nm (solid curve), 808 nm (short-dashed curve), and 980 nm (dashed—dotted curve) lasers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Luminescence of the Bi/Er codoped fiber pumped by (a) 532 nm only (solid green curve); (b) 808 nm only (dashed red curve); (c) dual pumping by both 532 and 808 nm (solid black curve), and (d) the addition of luminescence of 532 nm only and 808 nm only (dashed blue curve).

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