Abstract

We demonstrate a convenient approach to precisely tune the polarization state of a nonlinear-polarization-rotation mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser by using an electronic polarization controller. It is shown to benefit self-starting of mode-locking states, with precise tuning of the spectral profile, pulse width, and carrier-envelope offset frequency. The pulse width changed linearly by 0.78 ps in the time domain, and the carrier-envelope offset frequency shifted 77.5MHz in the frequency domain with a slight change of the driving voltage of 30.7 mV applied on the controller, corresponding to a polarization rotation of 0.0135π. This facilitated precise and automatic regeneration of a particular mode-locking state by setting an accurate voltage at the polarization controller with a programmed microprocessor control unit.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Aarts and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1033 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Li, C. Wu, H. Dong, and P. Shum, Opt. Lett. 32, 2900 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Yan, W. Li, Q. Hao, Y. Li, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 2018 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 28, 660 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 17, 10113 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 36, 1578 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, X. Shen, Q. Zhou, Q. Ru, D. Bai, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1511 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 36, 1578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2003

T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 28, 660 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

W. Aarts and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aarts, W.

W. Aarts and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bai, D.

Bergquist, J.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, E.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Ding, J.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

Drullinger, R.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glandorf, L. N.

Gross, P.

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Q.

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H.

H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, T.

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E.

H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Itano, W.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. A.

Jones, D.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kenmochi, T.

T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

W. Aarts and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, X. Shen, Q. Zhou, Q. Ru, D. Bai, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, Q. Hao, Y. Li, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 2018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 17, 10113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

Lim, H.

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ru, Q.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

Shum, P.

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, K.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walbaum, T.

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D.

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Wu, C.

Yan, M.

Yang, K.

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, X. Shen, Q. Zhou, Q. Ru, D. Bai, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, M.

T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yost, D.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, X. Shen, Q. Zhou, Q. Ru, D. Bai, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 17, 10113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, Q. Hao, Y. Li, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 2018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, X. Shen, Q. Zhou, Q. Ru, D. Bai, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

Appl. Phys. B

T. Hellwig, T. Walbaum, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, Appl. Phys. B 101, 565 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Yoshino, M. Yokota, and T. Kenmochi, Electron. Lett. 39, 1800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Haus, E. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

W. Aarts and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

H. Zhou, W. Li, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, H. Zhou, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. 21, 531 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nature Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science

S. Diddams, T. Udem, J. Bergquist, E. Curtis, R. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. Itano, W. Lee, C. Oates, K. Vogel, and D. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer (980/1064nm); Yb, ytterbium-doped fiber; Col, collimator; HWP, half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarization beam splitter; ISO, isolator; G, gratings; EPC, electronic polarization controller; X, Y, Z, input channels of the polarization controller; PD, photodiode detector; (b) Evolution of the pulse profile with variation of the input voltage at the EPC.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Input voltage versus pulse width of the output laser. The input voltage was amplified at a gain of 18 as the EPC driving voltage.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Evolution of the spectral profile with variation of the input voltage; (b) Output spectra for different mode-locking states.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radio-frequency spectrum of CEP offset frequency measured with a resolution bandwidth of 100 kHz for a free-running fiber laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

CEP offset frequency changes with EPC voltage for a free-running fiber laser.

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