Abstract

We experimentally characterize the performance of a continuously tunable all-optical complex-coefficient finite-impulse-response (FIR) filter that exploits nonlinear signal processing (multiplexing and multicasting) and conversion-dispersion-based optical delays. Various length (three and four) optical FIR filters with different tap amplitudes (from 0 to 9dB), tap phases (from 0 to 2π), and tap delays (37.4ps and 25 ps) are realized, showing reconfiguration and tuning capabilities of this FIR filter. The measured frequency responses show close agreement with the theoretical filter responses.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  7. L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

2008

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Martí, Opt. Commun. 281, 2746 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

1984

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Asghari, M.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Banwell, T.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Burrows, E.

Cardenas, J.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chitgarha, M. R.

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

Coldren, L. A.

Ding, Z.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Djordjevic, S. S.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Doerr, C. R.

Dong, P.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, D.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Feng, N.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Ferdous, F.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gnauck, A. H.

Goodman, J. W.

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Guzzon, R. S.

Hamidi, E.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Haney, M. W.

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

Ibrahim, S.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Johansson, L. A.

Khaleghi, S.

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

Kumar, S.

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. C.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Liang, H.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Lipson, M.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Lira, H. L.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Long, C. M.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Luo, L.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Martí, J.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Martí, Opt. Commun. 281, 2746 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McGeehan, J. E.

Menendez, R.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Mengual, T.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Martí, Opt. Commun. 281, 2746 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moslehi, B.

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nitkowski, A.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Norberg, E. J.

Okawachi, Y.

Pafchek, R.

Parker, J. S.

Poitras, C. B.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

Qian, W.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Sharping, J.

Shaw, H. J.

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

Supradeepa, V. R.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Toliver, P.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Tur, M.

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

van Howe, J.

Vidal, B.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Martí, Opt. Commun. 281, 2746 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Weiner, A. M.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

Willner, A. E.

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

Winzer, P. J.

Woodward, T. K.

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

Wu, R.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Yao, J.

Yilmaz, O. F.

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

Yoo, S. J.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

Zhou, L.

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photon.

V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, R. Wu, F. Ferdous, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 6, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Martí, Opt. Commun. 281, 2746 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur, and H. J. Shaw, Proc. IEEE 72, 909 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. Luo, S. Ibrahim, C. B. Poitras, S. S. Djordjevic, H. L. Lira, L. Zhou, J. Cardenas, B. Guan, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, S. J. Yoo, and M. Lipson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CFL5.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

P. Dong, N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CThAA6.

S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, O. F. Yilmaz, A. E. Willner, and M. W. Haney, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CTuW4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Conceptual block diagram of the tunable complex-coefficient optical FIR filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup: multicaster, delay, phase control, and multiplexer; (b) generic LCoS filter amplitude/phase profile for applying phases on the pumps.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Wave mixing spectra for (a) fan-out stage, and (b) multiplexing stage. (c),(d) Experimental and theoretical amplitude/phase response of 26.7GHz FSR length-3 FIR filters.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Wave mixing spectra for (a) fan-out stage, and (b) multiplexing stage. (c),(d) Experimental and theoretical amplitude/phase response of 40 GHz FSR length-4 FIR filters.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Optical FIR Capability to Accommodate Different Baud Rates Using Tunable Delays; D×L=15.6ps/nm

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ejϕiEP2*EDiEDi*EP1Esignal(tTi),
EMUX(t)i=1Nejϕi|EDi|2Esignal(tTi).

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