Abstract

We demonstrate Rabi oscillation of a resonant two-photon transition in a three-level ladder-type quantum system of gaseous rubidium atoms induced by a single femtosecond laser pulse. For this, we shape the flat-top spatial profile of the laser pulse and perform the ultrafast population cycling of the atoms as a function of pulse energy. The experimental result confirms that the Rabi frequency of the transition from a ground state to a final state depends linearly on the pulse area, although the transition is a two-photon process.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. A. Nielson and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2010).
  2. P. Kok and B. W. Lovett, Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing (Cambridge University, 2010).
  3. W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Eckstein, B. Brecht, and C. Silberborn, Opt. Express 19, 13770 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, Principles of the Quantum Control of Molecular Processes (Wiley, 2003).
  8. S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Lee, J. Lim, C. Y. Park, and J. Ahn, Opt. Express 19, 2266 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms (Wiley, 1975).
  12. S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).
  17. H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Sargent and P. Horwitz, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1962 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts & Company, 2005).
  22. E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2011

S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Lim, C. Y. Park, and J. Ahn, Opt. Express 19, 2266 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Eckstein, B. Brecht, and C. Silberborn, Opt. Express 19, 13770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

2003

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1976

M. Sargent and P. Horwitz, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1962 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.

S. Lee, J. Lim, C. Y. Park, and J. Ahn, Opt. Express 19, 2266 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms (Wiley, 1975).

Amand, T.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Axt, V. M.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Baklenov, O.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, B.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Belhadj, T.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bergeman, T.

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bichler, M.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Bour, D.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brecht, B.

Brumer, P.

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, Principles of the Quantum Control of Molecular Processes (Wiley, 2003).

Campbell, W. C.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chatel, B.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chiorescu, I.

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, I. L.

M. A. Nielson and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2010).

Clow, S. D.

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dalgarno, P. A.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dam, N.

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diehl, L.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms (Wiley, 1975).

Eckstein, A.

Ester, P.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Gammon, D.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gkortsas, V.-M.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts & Company, 2005).

Harmans, C. J. P. M.

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, D.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hepburn, J. W.

S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Höfler, G.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Holleman, I.

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. L.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horwitz, P.

M. Sargent and P. Horwitz, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1962 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Htoon, H.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hucul, D.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Katzer, D. S.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kok, P.

P. Kok and B. W. Lovett, Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing (Cambridge University, 2010).

Koppens, F. H. L.

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, O.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, T.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Kulik, D.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumarakrishnan, A.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Lim, C. Y. Park, and J. Ahn, Opt. Express 19, 2266 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lemaitre, A.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.

S. Lee, J. Lim, C. Y. Park, and J. Ahn, Opt. Express 19, 2266 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Linskens, A. F.

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lovett, B. W.

P. Kok and B. W. Lovett, Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing (Cambridge University, 2010).

Machnikowski, P.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Marie, X.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matsukevich, D. N.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maunz, P.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miler, V.

S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, J.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, C.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mooij, J. E.

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, Y.

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nazarov, Yu. V.

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nielson, M. A.

M. A. Nielson and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2010).

Norris, T. B.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nowack, K. C.

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paradis, E.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. Y.

Park, D.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piermarocchi, C.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quraishi, Q.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raithel, G.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renucci, P.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reuss, J.

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, M.

M. Sargent and P. Horwitz, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1962 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Senko, C.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sham, L. J.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, M.

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, Principles of the Quantum Control of Molecular Processes (Wiley, 2003).

Shih, C. K.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silberborn, C.

Simon, C.-M.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stievater, T. H.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stufler, S.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Takagahara, T.

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trallero-Herrero, C.

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Urbaszek, B.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vandersypen, L. M. K.

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Warburton, R. J.

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T.

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, R.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanovich, S.

S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zrenner, A.

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

H. Choi, V.-M. Gkortsas, L. Diehl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, F. Capasso, F. X. Kärtner, and T. B. Norris, Nat. Photon. 4, 706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sargent and P. Horwitz, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1962 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, N. Dam, and J. Reuss, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhdanovich, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Miler, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, H. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and J. Ahn, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, and A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. C. Campbell, J. Mizrahi, Q. Quraishi, C. Senko, D. Hayes, D. Hucul, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, and C. Monroe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Clow, C. Trallero-Herrero, T. Bergeman, and T. Weinacht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A. L. Holmes, and C. K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science

X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T. H. Stievater, D. S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, and L. J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, Yu. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, Science 318, 1430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Chiorescu, Y. Nakamura, C. J. P. M. Harmans, and J. E. Mooij, Science 299, 1869 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts & Company, 2005).

M. A. Nielson and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2010).

P. Kok and B. W. Lovett, Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing (Cambridge University, 2010).

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, Principles of the Quantum Control of Molecular Processes (Wiley, 2003).

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms (Wiley, 1975).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. The inset shows the energy level diagram.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spatial profile and (b) intensity distribution of the constructed flat-top laser pulse; (c) intersections of the flat-top and Gaussian beam profiles.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results (brown squares) of the 5D population plotted as a function of pulse area. For comparison, the numerical model calculation (gray dashed line), and the refined numerical calculation (black line), which takes the actual beam profile into account.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

cfg=2ΘfiΘigΘig2+Θfi2sin212Θig2+Θfi2,
Uf(x,y)=h˜(x,y)Ui(x,y),

Metrics