Abstract

An eight-wavelength distributed feedback semiconductor laser array with λ/4 equivalent phase shift based on reconstruction-equivalent-chirp technique was demonstrated. It shows very good linearity in lasing wavelengths with its deviation from 0.22 to 0.20 nm. The threshold currents are between 19 and 24 mA. The side-mode suppression ratios are all larger than 40 dB under the bias currents of 70 mA. The slope efficiencies at room temperature are all about 0.4W/A. The grating was fabricated only by common holographic exposure and an additional micrometer-level conventional photolithography, which results in a low cost.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

2010

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, and H. Oohashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Debrégeas-Sillard and C. Kazmierski, C. R. Physique 9, 1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, X. Chen, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

An, J.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N. C.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, X. Chen, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, L.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Debrégeas-Sillard, H.

H. Debrégeas-Sillard and C. Kazmierski, C. R. Physique 9, 1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Favire, F.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gamelin, J. K.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gu, R.

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

Hillmer, H.

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, and H. Oohashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Y.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jing, Z.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kasaya, K.

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, and H. Oohashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierski, C.

H. Debrégeas-Sillard and C. Kazmierski, C. R. Physique 9, 1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, N.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. k.

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klepser, B.

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lepore, A.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. P.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, P. S. D.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mahoney, D. D.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Makino, T.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oohashi, H.

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, and H. Oohashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, B.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rahjel, A. W.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S.

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, Y.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sim, J.

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, K.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xia, L.

Xie, S.

Xu, K.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yasaka, H.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, T.

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Z.

Young, W. C.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C. E.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, N.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Wang, X. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Shi, Y. Lu, Y. Dai, and H. Zhu, Opt. Express 17, 5240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Physique

H. Debrégeas-Sillard and C. Kazmierski, C. R. Physique 9, 1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Sci. Bull.

X. Chen, W. Liu, J. An, Y. Liu, K. Xu, X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Ji, and N. Zhu, Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Ryu, S. k. Kim, J. Sim, and J. Kim, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1358 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, and H. Oohashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 514 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsuzuki, Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, M. Ishikawa, T. Yasui, H. Ishii, and H. Yasaka, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 22 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. Li, X. Chen, N. Zhou, Z. Jing, X. Huang, L. Li, H. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7631, 763104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, S. Li, L. Lu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7844, 784418 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, Y. Shi, R. Gu, and X. Chen, Proc. SPIE 7987, 798704 (2011).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a four-wavelength DFB laser array with λ/4 equivalent phase shift.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Microscope image of photomask for sampling structure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured ASE spectra of the lasers; (b) the SMSRs of the lasers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured lasing wavelengths of the lasers; (b) the residual of the lasing wavelengths after linear fitting.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured P-I characteristics of the laser array at room temperature.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1Λ1=1Λ01P.
ΔΛ1=1(PΛ01)2ΔP.

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