Abstract

We propose a fiber structure of a square core and ring refractive index profile that converts an input circular polarized Gaussian mode into optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes. By breaking the circular symmetry of the waveguide, the input circularly polarized fundamental mode in the square core can be coupled into the ring region to generate higher-order OAM modes, corresponding to the transference of spin angular momentum and orbital angular momentum. We show, by using simulation, the generation of OAM modes with a topological charge l up to 9 using <10mm long fiber. The mode purity is above 96.4% and the extinction ratio can be 30 dB.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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