Abstract

In this Letter, we report on a perpendicular coupler (PC) for whispering-gallery resonators; it is a near field waveguide optimized for high coupling efficiency. The PC provides highly efficient tunneling coupling between the waveguide and microresonator without the need of a phase matching condition, and saves space for integration components. Compared to the Lorentz-shape in the transmission spectrum of the parallel coupler, the reflection spectrum of the PC shows an asymmetric Fano-shape near resonance. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the collection efficiency can be enhanced by near field scatterers, with a maximal efficiency of about 75%. Our simulations show that the PC is not sensitive to most parameters (including the refractive index of the waveguide), which makes the PC optimal for the application of whispering-gallery modes.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, Nat. Phys. 5, 489 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, Nat. Methods 5, 591 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y.-F. Xiao, C.-H. Dong, C.-L. Zou, Z.-F. Han, L. Yang, and G.-C. Guo, Opt. Lett. 34, 509 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y.-Z. Yan, C.-L. Zou, S.-B. Yan, F.-W. Sun, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Y.-G. Zhang, L. Wang, C.-Y. Xue, W.-D. Zhang, Z.-F. Han, and J.-J. Xiong, Opt. Express 19, 5753 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. -D. Yang, S. -J. Wang, and Y. -Z. Huang, Opt. Express 17, 23010 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Ou, X. Li, B. Liu, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 35, 1722 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C.-L. Zou, Y. Yong, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-W. Wu, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1895 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011

G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y.-Z. Yan, C.-L. Zou, S.-B. Yan, F.-W. Sun, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Y.-G. Zhang, L. Wang, C.-Y. Xue, W.-D. Zhang, Z.-F. Han, and J.-J. Xiong, Opt. Express 19, 5753 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

F. Ou, X. Li, B. Liu, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 35, 1722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2003

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, I.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, Nat. Methods 5, 591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dominguez-Juarez, J. L.

G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.-H.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G.-C.

Han, Z.-F.

Ho, S.-T.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ou, X. Li, B. Liu, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 35, 1722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ou, X. Li, B. Liu, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 35, 1722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. -Z.

Ilchenko, V. S.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Z.

Kho, E. H.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kozyreff, G.

G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, E. P.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, B.

Liu, J.

Martorell, J.

G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, F.

Painter, O.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, Nat. Phys. 5, 489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.-L.

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F.-W.

Y.-Z. Yan, C.-L. Zou, S.-B. Yan, F.-W. Sun, Z. Ji, J. Liu, Y.-G. Zhang, L. Wang, C.-Y. Xue, W.-D. Zhang, Z.-F. Han, and J.-J. Xiong, Opt. Express 19, 5753 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, F.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, Nat. Methods 5, 591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, Nat. Phys. 5, 489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, S. -J.

Wu, X.-W.

Xiao, Y.-F.

Xiong, J.-J.

Xue, C.-Y.

Yan, S.-B.

Yan, Y.-Z.

Yang, L.

Yang, Y.

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. -D.

Yong, Y.

Zhang, W.-D.

Zhang, Y.-G.

Zou, C.-L.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

E. H. Kho, E. P. Li, I. Ahmed, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Photon. Rev.

G. Kozyreff, J. L. Dominguez-Juarez, and J. Martorell, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 737 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Methods

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, Nat. Methods 5, 591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, Nat. Phys. 5, 489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C.-H. Dong, Y. Yang, Y.-L. Shen, C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, H. Ming, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, Opt. Commun. 283, 5117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, Science 332, 555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics