Abstract

In this Letter, we propose and demonstrate an external-cavity diode laser in second-order Littrow configuration. This topology utilizes a low-efficiency diffraction grating to establish a high-finesse external cavity, strong optical feedback, a high polarization discrimination, and a circular TEM00 output mode. In our proof-of-concept experiment, we realized a cavity with a finesse of 1855, being, to the best of our knowledge, the highest value ever reported for a three-port–grating-coupled cavity. With optical feedback, the laser threshold of the laser diode employed was reduced by a factor of 4.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

R. Schnabel, N. Mavalvala, D. E. McClelland, and P. K. Lam, Nat. Commun. 1, 121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Opt. 45, 5795 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

1998 (1)

1991 (1)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

M. W. Flemming and A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1962 (1)

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Beyersdorf, P.

Bunkowski, A.

Burmeister, O.

Byer, R. L.

Carlson, R. O.

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Danzmann, K.

Duparré, A.

Fenner, G. E.

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Flemming, M. W.

M. W. Flemming and A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gliech, S.

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, R. N.

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Hettich, C.

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huke, P.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 78, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kingsley, J. D.

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

Lam, P. K.

R. Schnabel, N. Mavalvala, D. E. McClelland, and P. K. Lam, Nat. Commun. 1, 121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Littman, M. G.

Mavalvala, N.

R. Schnabel, N. Mavalvala, D. E. McClelland, and P. K. Lam, Nat. Commun. 1, 121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, D. E.

R. Schnabel, N. Mavalvala, D. E. McClelland, and P. K. Lam, Nat. Commun. 1, 121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Melholt Nielsen, B.

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Metcalf, H. J.

Molmer, K.

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. W. Flemming and A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Neergaard-Nielsen, J. S.

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rinkleff, R.-H.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 78, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rudolf, M.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 78, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, R.

Soltys, T. J.

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Uehara, N.

Wicht, A.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 78, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 78, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. W. Flemming and A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

R. Schnabel, N. Mavalvala, D. E. McClelland, and P. K. Lam, Nat. Commun. 1, 121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. N. Hall, G. E. Fenner, J. D. Kingsley, T. J. Soltys, and R. O. Carlson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 366 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Molmer, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Illustration of the grating equation [Eq. (1)]; (b) concept of a three-port–grating-coupled cavity. The concrete experimental layout is shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the ECDL setup. The inset shows a photograph of the dielectric grating, etched on top of an HR-coated 1 × 1 in fused silica substrate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Power density beam profile of the beam emitted at the transmission port; (b) cross-section (solid line) and Gaussian regression curve (dashed line).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the External Cavity

Equations (1)

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sin ( α ) + sin ( β m ) = m λ d

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