Abstract

We demonstrate core-pumped gain-guided index-antiguided fiber lasers using a 22 cm long dispersion-engineered erbium-doped fiber. The erbium-doped fiber is dispersion-engineered using optical liquid to replace the most part of silica cladding so that the index of core turns out to be higher (lower) than that of new cladding at pump (lasing) wavelength, respectively. The pump light is confined to propagate in core based on an index-guiding mechanism to efficiently excite the gain medium running through the fiber whereas the cw lasing is constructed in a long, small-core waveguide under a gain-guided, index-antiguided situation.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2451 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.
  7. A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, and C. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMB1.
  8. R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.
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    [CrossRef]
  10. A. E. Siegman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1677 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. A. E. Siegman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1617 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2008

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Chen, K. C. Hsu, S. K. Liaw, Y. Lai, and S. Chi, Opt. Lett. 33, 1666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

Ballato, J.

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Bass, M.

W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Chang, G.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Chen, N. K.

Chen, Y.

W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Chi, S.

Foy, P.

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, and C. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMB1.

Gao, L.

Guertin, D.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Hageman, W.

Hawkins, W.

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K. C.

Jabobson, N.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

James, A. G.

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Kim, G. U.

Lai, Y.

Liaw, S. K.

Litchinitser, N.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Liu, C.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, and C. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMB1.

McComb, T.

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Richardson, M.

W. Hageman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, L. Gao, G. U. Kim, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Richardson, M. C.

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A.

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Siegman, A. E.

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sims, R.

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Sudesh, V.

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, T. McComb, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, Opt. Lett. 32, 2505 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

Swan, M. C.

A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, and C. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMB1.

Tankala, K.

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Tseng, S. M.

Wang, X.

Appl. Phys. B

V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, J. Ballato, and A. E. Siegman, Appl. Phys. B 90, 369 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. E. Siegman, Y. Chen, V. Sudesh, M. C. Richardson, M. Bass, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, and J. Ballato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Science

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, and C. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMB1.

R. Sims, V. Sudesh, T. McComb, Y. Chen, M. Bass, M. Richardson, A. G. James, J. Ballato, and A. Siegman, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Dispersion characteristics; (b) transmission spectra, and (c) GGIAG lasing in dispersion-engineered erbium fiber; (d) experimental setup of core-pumped GGIAG lasing. DE-EDF, dispersion-engineered erbium-doped fiber; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; WDM, wavelength division multiplexing; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; PM, power meter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral responses of EDF under the conditions of unetched, etched, and dispersion engineered with optical liquid (nD=1.462).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Spectral responses of the GGIAG fiber laser before and after the pump power reaches laser threshold; (b) laser output spectra using EDF, etched EDF in air, and DE-EDF.

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