Abstract

Thermal effects, which limit the average power, can be minimized by using low-doped, longer gain fibers, whereas the presence of nonlinear effects requires use of high-doped, shorter fibers to maximize the peak power. We propose the use of varying doping levels along the gain fiber to circumvent these opposing requirements. By analogy to dispersion management and nonlinearity management, we refer to this scheme as doping management. As a practical first implementation, we report on the development of a fiber laser-amplifier system, the last stage of which has a hybrid gain fiber composed of high-doped and low-doped Yb fibers. The amplifier generates 100 W at 100 MHz with pulse energy of 1 μJ. The seed source is a passively mode-locked fiber oscillator operating in the all-normal-dispersion regime. The amplifier comprises three stages, which are all-fiber-integrated, delivering 13 ps pulses at full power. By optionally placing a grating compressor after the first stage amplifier, chirp of the seed pulses can be controlled, which allows an extra degree of freedom in the interplay between dispersion and self-phase modulation. This way, the laser delivers 4.5 ps pulses with 200kW peak power directly from fiber, without using external pulse compression.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Nilsson, D. N. Payne, Science 332, 921 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. P. Chen, H.-W. Chen, J. Hou, Z.-J. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 24008 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (4)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photon. 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Özgören, F. Ö. Ilday, Opt. Lett. 35, 1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Özgören, I. L. Budunoğlu, F. Ö. Ilday, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chen, H.-W. Chen, J. Hou, Z.-J. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 24008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bazarov, I.

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J.

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, H. Lim, J. Buckley, F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 28, 1362 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Budunoglu, I. L.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Özgören, I. L. Budunoğlu, F. Ö. Ilday, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carstens, H.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, K. K.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. P.

Chong, A.

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dunham, B. M.

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eken, K.

Elahi, P.

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

Forysiak, W.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gurel, K.

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

Hadrich, S.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, J. R.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

Ilday, F. O.

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jansen, F.

Jasapara, J.

Jauregui, C.

Kalaycioglu, H.

Knox, F. M.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

Limpert, J.

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, D.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.-J.

Malinowski, A.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Misas, C. J.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mukhopadhyay, P. K.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Özgören, I. L. Budunoğlu, F. Ö. Ilday, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, D. N. Payne, Science 332, 921 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photon. 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Öktem, B.

Omenetto, F. G.

Özgören, K.

K. Özgören, B. Öktem, S. Yılmaz, F. Ö. Ilday, K. Eken, Opt. Express 19, 17647 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Özgören, F. Ö. Ilday, Opt. Lett. 35, 1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Özgören, I. L. Budunoğlu, F. Ö. Ilday, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paltani, P.

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

J. Nilsson, D. N. Payne, Science 332, 921 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W.

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

Schimpf, D. N.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seise, E.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Senel, C.

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

Taylor, A. J.

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photon. 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, H. Lim, J. Buckley, F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 28, 1362 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, S.

Zhao, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Özgören, I. L. Budunoğlu, F. Ö. Ilday, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F. M. Knox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1808 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photon. 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Chen, J. H. V. Price, S. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 14385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 20, 4850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

J. Nilsson, D. N. Payne, Science 332, 921 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Gurel, P. Elahi, C. Senel, P. Paltani, F. O. Ilday, in CLEO: 2011–Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThU5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the setup. MM, multimode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated evolution of signal (solid curve) and pump (dashed curve) power, nonlinear phase shift (dot-dashed curve) and heat generation per unit length (dotted curve) along (a) low-doped, (b) high-doped, and (c) low- and high-doped, hybrid gain fibers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured (squares) and simulated (solid line) output power versus pump power; (b) measured (squares) and simulated (solid line) pulsewidth at 100 W power versus total GDD of the system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured optical spectra at output powers of 100 W (solid line), 70 W (dashed line), and 50 W (dotted line). Inset: semilog version of the same graph. (b) Measured intensity autocorrelation (solid curve) along with retrieved autocorrelation using PICASO (dot-dashed curve) by using grating compressor, without grating compressor (dotted curve). Inset: retrieved pulse profile.

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