Abstract

We present a practical method to determine femtosecond laser induced refractive index changes in transparent materials. Based on an iterative Fourier transform algorithm, this technique spatially resolves the refractive index of complex structures by combining the dimensions of the modified region with the corresponding phase change extracted from far-field intensity measurements. This approach is used to characterize optical waveguides written by a femtosecond laser in borosilicate glass.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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