Abstract

We report pulse trapping in passively mode-locked fiber lasers operating in a near-zero dispersion regime. Two polarization components of vector pulses have different central wavelengths while copropagating as a unit in fiber lasers. The vector pulses exhibit smooth Gaussian spectral profile without any sidebands, qualitatively distinct from those observed in net-anomalous and net-normal fiber lasers. Numerical simulations suggest that the pulse trapping depends not only on fiber birefringence and cavity dispersion but also on saturable absorption effect. The experimental observations are in good agreement with the numerical simulations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photon. 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, Opt. Lett. 36, 2089 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Chichkov, K. Hausmann, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, Opt. Lett. 35, 2807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, Opt. Express 16, 9528 (2008).
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2002 (1)

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S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
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H. A. Haus and W. William, Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423 (1996).
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1993 (1)

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Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photon. 6, 84 (2012).
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S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Basko, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

Buryak, A. V.

Chichkov, N. B.

Collings, B.

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B. C.

Cundiff, S.

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Evans, J. M.

Ferrari, A.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Goto, T.

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photon. 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and W. William, Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hausmann, K.

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. H.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

Knox, W.

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Kobtsev, S.

Kracht, D.

Kukarin, S.

Lam, H. Q.

Latkin, A.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Milne, W.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Neumann, J.

Nishizawa, N.

O’Neill, W.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ouyang, C.

Poole, C. D.

Popa, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Sibbett, W.

Smirnov, S.

Soto-Crespo, J.

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Spence, D. E.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Torrisi, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.

Wandt, D.

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. R.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

White, I.

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

William, W.

H. A. Haus and W. William, Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, J. H.

Wu, K.

Wu, X.

Xiang, N.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, L. M.

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. Basko, and A. Ferrari, ACS Nano 4, 803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, X. H. Hu, and H. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photon. 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature Nanotech. (1)

F. Wang, A. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. White, W. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nature Nanotech. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, N. Akhmediev, J. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. A. Haus and W. William, Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 423 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed fiber laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectra, (b) AC traces of vector pulse. The insets are radio-frequency spectra of two components.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectra and (b) pulse profiles of calculated vector pulse.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal (a) and spectral (b) evolution of vector pulse versus round-trip number.

Equations (1)

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uz=iβu+δutik222ut2+iγ(|u|2+23|v|2)u+iγv2u*3+(gα)2u+g2Ωg2ut2,vz=iβvδvtik222vt2+iγ(|v|2+23|u|2)v+iγu2v*3+(gα)2v+g2Ωg2vt2.

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