Abstract

In this Letter, we propose and demonstrate the concept of a free space optics-based parallel high-speed reconfigurable card-to-card interconnect architecture employing microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based steering mirror arrays in conjunction with VCSEL and photodiode arrays. A bit-error rate of 106 and a receiver sensitivity below 11.5dBm are experimentally attained with a proof-of-concept 3×3 10Gb/s reconfigurable card-to-card optical interconnect demonstrator.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

2006

T. Mizuochi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baks, C.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Baks, C. W.

Benner, A. F.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doany, F. E.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, C. W. Baks, Y. H. Kwark, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Flores, A.

Ignatowski, M.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jahnes, C.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Kash, J. A.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, C. W. Baks, Y. H. Kwark, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Kuchta, D. M.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, C. W. Baks, Y. H. Kwark, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Kwark, Y. H.

Lee, B. G.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Lee, S.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Libsch, F.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Liu, Z.

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okonkwo, C.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Randel, S.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Ritter, M. B.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rylyakov, A. V.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Schow, C. L.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, C. W. Baks, Y. H. Kwark, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

Song, S.

Tangdiongga, E.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

van den Boom, H.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Wang, M.

Yang, H.

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

Yang, J.

IBM J. Res. Dev.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Mizuochi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, S. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. Koonen, in 2010 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2010), paper JWA64.

F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, D. M. Kuchta, C. Baks, C. Jahnes, F. Libsch, and C. L. Schow, in 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) (OSA, 2012), paper PDP5D.9.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Architecture of the proposed reconfigurable optical card-to-card interconnect.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup (not to scale) for demonstrating the concept of reconfigurable card-to-card optical interconnets.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER versus horizontal distance between the VCSEL and PD PCBs, for three optical interconnects. Bit rate=10Gb/s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER versus received optical power for the three optical interconnects. Horizontal distance between the transmitter and receiver PCBs is (a) 20 cm and (b) 30 cm. Bit rate=10Gb/s.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER versus the horizontal distance between the transmitter and receiver PCBs for the three interconnects. Channels 1, 2, and 4 correspond to interconnecting VCSELs 1, 2, and 4 to PDs 2, 4, and 1, respectively. Bit rate=10Gb/s.

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