Abstract

We demonstrate efficient continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched Tm:LiLuF4 laser operation near 1.9 μm. The CW slope efficiency reached 54.8% with respect to absorbed power. Stable passive Q-switching with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers resulted in minimum pulse duration of 7.6 ns and maximum pulse energy and peak power of 1.26 mJ and 166 kW, respectively.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

X. Cheng, S. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Peng, and Y. Hang, Opt. Express 17, 14895 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, Prog. Quantum Electron. 33, 61 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 1076 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, D. Parisi, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Opt. Lett. 33, 1951 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Duan, B. Yao, Y. Zhang, C. Song, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2002 (1)

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Aguiló, M.

Badikov, V. V.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Batay, L. E.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Carvajal, J. J.

Cheng, X.

Coluccelli, N.

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, Prog. Quantum Electron. 33, 61 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 1076 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

Duan, X.

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Faoro, R.

Fuhrberg, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (Intech, 2010), pp. 491–496.

Galzerano, G.

Gaponenko, M. S.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, C.R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchikov, A. S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Hang, Y.

Heumann, E.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Huber, G.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Ju, Y.

Kadankov, M.

Kisel, V. E.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Koopmann, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (Intech, 2010), pp. 491–496.

Kuck, S.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Kück, S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Kuzmin, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lamrini, S.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (Intech, 2010), pp. 491–496.

Laporta, P.

Levchenko, V. I.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Li, G.

Lisinetskii, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Malyarevich, A. M.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Mond, M.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Onushchenko, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V. L.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Peng, H.

Petrov, V.

Pujol, M. C.

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (Intech, 2010), pp. 491–496.

Segura, M.

Shcherbitsky, V. E.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Sheina, S. G.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, C.

Tian, Y.

Titov, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, Prog. Quantum Electron. 33, 61 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Tsai, T. Y.

Veronesi, S.

Wang, Y.

Xu, J.

Yakimovich, V. N.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

Yao, B.

Yumashev, K. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Y.

Zhilin, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. B 93, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.R. Phys. (1)

A. Godard, C.R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 1076 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. S. Gaponenko, A. A. Onushchenko, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, Prog. Quantum Electron. 33, 61 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (Intech, 2010), pp. 491–496.

M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, V. E. Shcherbitsky, V. E. Kisel, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003 (IEEE, 2003), paper CA7-5-WED (CD ROM).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the passively Q-switched Tm:LLF laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power versus absorbed pump power of the CW and Q-switched Tm:LLF laser. Red lines: linear fits with slope efficiency η.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectra of the CW Tm:LLF laser with different output couplers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Repetition rate and pulse width dependence of the PQS Tm:LLF laser on the pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Shortest pulses obtained with FWHM of 7.6 ns and pulse train at a repetition rate of 161 Hz.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

12 at. % Tm:LLF gain curves and laser output spectra in PQS regime with different SAs where β is the inversion rate parameter.

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