Abstract

A series of Zn1xMnxAl2O4 (x=0.0010.08) phosphors were synthesized by a traditional solid-state reaction route. Their photoluminescence under vacuum ultraviolet (VUV, energy E>50000cm1, wavelength λ<200nm) and cathodoluminescence under low-voltage electron beam excitation were evaluated. The luminescence decays were also measured. The intense green emission was observed with a peak at about 510 nm upon 172/147nm excitation. The luminescence of optimum phosphor Zn0.99Mn0.01Al2O4 (ZAM) was compared with that of commercial green phosphor Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ (ZSM). The maximum emission intensity of ZAM is larger than that of ZSM under 172/147nm and low-voltage electron beam excitation. The values of chromaticity coordinates reveal the phosphors can evidently enlarge the tricolor gamut. The results show that the ZnAl2O4:Mn2+ phosphors may be considered as candidates for Hg-free lamps, plasma flat backlights, and field emission backlights for liquid crystal displays.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hao and Y. Wang, J. Lumin. 122–123, 1006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. S. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and H. L. Park, Solid State Commun. 139, 157 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Lu, Q. Hong, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, Opt. Express 14, 6243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

Z. Lou and J. Hao, Appl. Phys. A 80, 151 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Mikoshiba, SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 286 (2001).

2000

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. K. Sampath, D. G. Kanhere, and R. Pandey, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 3635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bae, H.-S.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chakradhar, R. P. S.

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chen, Y.-X.

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.-W.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, N. S.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Z.

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, B. Han, W. Chen, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Opt. Lett. 34, 3466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Han, B.

Hao, J.

Z. Lou and J. Hao, Appl. Phys. A 80, 151 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y.

Y. Hao and Y. Wang, J. Lumin. 122–123, 1006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hara, K.

T. Nagura, H. Kominami, Y. Nakanishi, and K. Hara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 48, 092302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, B.-J.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G.-Y.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Q.

Huang, Y.

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, B. Han, W. Chen, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Opt. Lett. 34, 3466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, Y.-J.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y. S.

Y. S. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and H. L. Park, Solid State Commun. 139, 157 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y. T.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kanhere, D. G.

S. K. Sampath, D. G. Kanhere, and R. Pandey, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 3635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-H.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-K.

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and H. L. Park, Solid State Commun. 139, 157 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-H.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kominami, H.

T. Nagura, H. Kominami, Y. Nakanishi, and K. Hara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 48, 092302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, I.-E.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-K.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Liu, Y.

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Z.

Z. Lou and J. Hao, Appl. Phys. A 80, 151 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, R.

Matsui, H.

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mikoshiba, S.

S. Mikoshiba, SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 286 (2001).

Nagura, T.

T. Nagura, H. Kominami, Y. Nakanishi, and K. Hara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 48, 092302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, Y.

T. Nagura, H. Kominami, Y. Nakanishi, and K. Hara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 48, 092302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ni, H.

Pandey, R.

S. K. Sampath, D. G. Kanhere, and R. Pandey, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 3635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, B. W.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, C.-H.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. L.

Y. S. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and H. L. Park, Solid State Commun. 139, 157 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. H.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-S.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pyun, C.-H.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rao, J. L.

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sampath, S. K.

S. K. Sampath, D. G. Kanhere, and R. Pandey, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 3635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

Singh, V.

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

Sun, Z.

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y.

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, B. Han, W. Chen, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Opt. Lett. 34, 3466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tateyama, H.

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M.-T.

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, P.-J.

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Hao and Y. Wang, J. Lumin. 122–123, 1006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.-K.

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Xie, M.

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, B. Han, W. Chen, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Opt. Lett. 34, 3466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.-N.

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

Yang, J. S.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.-Y.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, M.

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

Z. Lou and J. Hao, Appl. Phys. A 80, 151 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.

J. H. Park, B. W. Park, N. S. Choi, Y. T. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and J. S. Yang, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11J12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Xie, H. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, and Y. Tao, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 14, J69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

C.-H. Kim, I.-E. Kwon, C.-H. Park, Y.-J. Hwang, H.-S. Bae, B.-Y. Yu, C.-H. Pyun, and G.-Y. Hong, J. Alloys Compd. 311, 33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, M. Zhang, H. Ding, H. Li, and Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 6317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

H.-W. Choi, B.-J. Hong, S.-K. Lee, K.-H. Kim, and Y.-S. Park, J. Lumin. 126, 359 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hao and Y. Wang, J. Lumin. 122–123, 1006 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and D.-K. Kim, J. Lumin. 128, 394 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

S. K. Sampath, D. G. Kanhere, and R. Pandey, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 3635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phy.

T. Nagura, H. Kominami, Y. Nakanishi, and K. Hara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 48, 092302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

H. Matsui, C.-N. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Tateyama, Phys. Rev. B 69, 235109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers

S. Mikoshiba, SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 286 (2001).

Solid State Commun.

Y. S. Jeong, J. S. Kim, and H. L. Park, Solid State Commun. 139, 157 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

M.-T. Tsai, Y.-X. Chen, P.-J. Tsai, and Y.-K. Wang, Thin Solid Films 518, e9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission spectra of ZAM (blue lines A and C) and ZSM (black lines B and D) under 172 nm (a) and 147 nm excitation (b). Figure (a) inset: relative integrated intensities of T14A16 transition as a function of Mn2+ content x under 172 nm excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

VUV excitation spectra of ZAM (line a, λem=510nm) and ZSM (line b, λem=526nm).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Luminance versus the excitation–voltage characteristics for ZAM and ZSM at a current density of 30μA/cm2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

CIE color coordinates of ZAM together with those of commercial PDP phosphors: YGB:Eu3+ (R), ZSM (G) and BAM:Eu2+ (B) and cathode ray phosphors: Y2O2S:Eu (R′), ZnS: Cu,Au,Al (G′) and ZnS: Ag,Cl (B′). Inset: luminescence photographs of ZAM and ZSM under 172 nm excitation.

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