Abstract

Photonic bandgap (PBG) guidance is observed in a solid core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) consisting of silver metaphosphate (AgPO3) glass embedded into a silica cladding, realized by vacuum-assisted infiltration of the molten glass into the hollow channels of a commercial silica PCF. Morphologic analysis of the cladding microstructure by optical and scanning electron microscopy reveals the formation of highly homogeneous glass strands along the PCF length. The characteristic transmission spectrum of the fiber shows PBG guidance in the range between 350 and 1650 nm. The exposure of the cladding glass matrix, using 355 nm, 150 ps laser irradiation, allows photo-induced enhancement of the transmission-to-stop-band extinction ratio by 60dB/cm and bandwidth tuning. Numerical calculations of the transmission pattern of the fabricated AgPO3/silica bandgap fiber are in good agreement with experiments.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Konidakis, C. P. E. Varsamis, and E. I. Kamitsos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 36, 2432 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

H. Kobayashi and H. Takahashi, J. Cer. Soc. Jap. 116, 855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

2001

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Abeeluck, A. K.

Bird, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Broeng, J.

T. Larsen, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 11, 2589 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Candiani, A.

Da, N.

N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Granzow, N.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 36, 2432 (2011).
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N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
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Gu, L.

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Hedley, T. D.

Hermann, D.

Hua, P.

Ikiades, A.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kamitsos, E. I.

I. Konidakis, C. P. E. Varsamis, and E. I. Kamitsos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2684 (2011).
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Knight, J. C.

Kobayashi, H.

H. Kobayashi and H. Takahashi, J. Cer. Soc. Jap. 116, 855 (2008).
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Konidakis, I.

I. Konidakis, C. P. E. Varsamis, and E. I. Kamitsos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Konstantaki, M.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Larsen, T.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Margulis, W.

Markos, C.

Namikawa, G.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishio, K.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Onuki, T.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pissadakis, S.

Pottage, J. M.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 36, 2432 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Pottage, D. M. Bird, T. D. Hedley, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, Opt. Express 11, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M. A.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 36, 2432 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, A.

Soimo, J.

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Kobayashi and H. Takahashi, J. Cer. Soc. Jap. 116, 855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, T.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tverjanovich, A. S.

Uebel, P.

Varsamis, C. P. E.

I. Konidakis, C. P. E. Varsamis, and E. I. Kamitsos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vlachos, K.

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J.

Wondraczek, L.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 36, 2432 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. K. C.

Yakim, A. V.

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Cer. Soc. Jap.

H. Kobayashi and H. Takahashi, J. Cer. Soc. Jap. 116, 855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

N. Da, L. Wondraczek, M. A. Schmidt, N. Granzow, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 1829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Konidakis, C. P. E. Varsamis, and E. I. Kamitsos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

N. Noginova, A. V. Yakim, J. Soimo, L. Gu, and M. A. Noginov, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) SEM scans of the cleaved end face of an infiltrated LMA-10 PCF. (b) Detail of strands of AgPO 3 glass emerging from the cleaved end face. (c) Magnified area of panel (a). (d) Detail of an infiltrated channel. (e) Fine featured modes at the PCF end face propagating through the AgPO 3 glass strands in the cladding. (f) Detail of the first ring of cladding and core. (g) White-light far field diffraction pattern, outcoupled from the AgPO 3 / silica PCF, projected through a phase mask.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup. (b) Normalized experimental transmission spectra of a 5 mm long AgPO 3 / silica (solid line) and Ag(35%)- PO 3 (65%) P O 3 ( 65 % ) / silica (dashed line) PCFs. (c) Comparison between the homogenously filled PCF section and the first infiltrated section having hollow inclusions. (d) Transmission measured on the same sample before (solid line, left scale) and after (dashed line, right scale) 355 nm laser irradiation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured absorption coefficient spectra of AgPO 3 splat quenched sample before and after 355 nm irradiation. (b) Normalized projected DOS map. Units are normalized frequency k 0 Λ and normalized propagation constant β Λ . (c) Experimental (solid line) and numerically calculated (dashed line) transmission spectra of the AgPO 3 / silica PCF. (d) Numerical results of the simulated irradiation effect.

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