Abstract

We report on the versatile effect of weak red laser light impinging on diblock copolymer [poly(isoprene-b-styrene)] dispersions in two selective solvents for each block. In the strongly scattering but transparent micellar solutions in hexane (a good solvent for polyisoprene), higher refractive index copolymer-rich fibers were formed. In the turbid dispersions of the same copolymer in ethyl acetate (a good solvent for polystyrene), the effect of self-induced transparency was observed. A two-step patterning mechanism caused the generation of a transparent microchannel, increasing light transmission. The analogy between the current effect and that observed in homopolymer polyisoprene solutions in different solvents is discussed toward an understanding of the unanticipated light–soft-matter interaction.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  24. R. El-Ganainy, D. N. Christodoulides, C. Rotschild, and M. Segev, Opt. Express 15, 10207 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Suo, D. Yan, S. Yang, and A.-C. Shi, Macromolecules 42, 6791 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

F. M. Weinert, C. B. Mast, and D. Braun, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 9918 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

W. Köhler, A. Krekhov, and W. Zimmermann, Adv. Polym. Sci. 227, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. Tsori, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1471 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Suo, D. Yan, S. Yang, and A.-C. Shi, Macromolecules 42, 6791 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Anyfantakis, B. Loppinet, G. Fytas, and S. Pispas, Opt. Lett. 33, 2839 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. El-Ganainy, D. N. Christodoulides, C. Rotschild, and M. Segev, Opt. Express 15, 10207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Reece, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

C. Conti, N. Ghofraniha, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. Mountrichas, M. Mpiri, and S. Pispas, Macromolecules 38, 940 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 183902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Loppinet, E. Somma, N. Vainos, and G. Fytas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9678 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Gohy, Adv. Polym. Sci. 190, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

E. D. Barone-Nugent, A. Barty, and K. A. Nugent, J. Microsc. 206, 194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. N. Likos, Phys. Rep. 348, 267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Hadjichristidis, H. Iatrou, S. Pispas, and M. Pitsikalis, J. Polym. Sci. A 38, 3211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1970

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Anyfantakis, M.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, B. Loppinet, G. Fytas, and S. Pispas, Opt. Lett. 33, 2839 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bang, J.

T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barone-Nugent, E. D.

E. D. Barone-Nugent, A. Barty, and K. A. Nugent, J. Microsc. 206, 194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barty, A.

E. D. Barone-Nugent, A. Barty, and K. A. Nugent, J. Microsc. 206, 194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Braun, D.

F. M. Weinert, C. B. Mast, and D. Braun, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 9918 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Butt, H.-J.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Char, K.

T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

R. El-Ganainy, D. N. Christodoulides, C. Rotschild, and M. Segev, Opt. Express 15, 10207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

C. Conti, N. Ghofraniha, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 183902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Q.-F.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

P. J. Reece, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

El-Ganainy, R.

Eugenieva, E.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fytas, G.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, B. Loppinet, G. Fytas, and S. Pispas, Opt. Lett. 33, 2839 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Loppinet, E. Somma, N. Vainos, and G. Fytas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9678 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ghofraniha, N.

C. Conti, N. Ghofraniha, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gohy, J.-F.

J.-F. Gohy, Adv. Polym. Sci. 190, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gopal, A. V.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Q.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hadjichristidis, N.

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Hadjichristidis, H. Iatrou, S. Pispas, and M. Pitsikalis, J. Polym. Sci. A 38, 3211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.-G.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iatrou, H.

N. Hadjichristidis, H. Iatrou, S. Pispas, and M. Pitsikalis, J. Polym. Sci. A 38, 3211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, W.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Köhler, A. Krekhov, and W. Zimmermann, Adv. Polym. Sci. 227, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Königer, A.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Krekhov, A.

W. Köhler, A. Krekhov, and W. Zimmermann, Adv. Polym. Sci. 227, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Likos, C. N.

C. N. Likos, Phys. Rep. 348, 267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-Y.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.-F. D. J.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.-H.

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lodge, T. P.

T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loppinet, B.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, B. Loppinet, G. Fytas, and S. Pispas, Opt. Lett. 33, 2839 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Loppinet, E. Somma, N. Vainos, and G. Fytas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9678 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mantzaridis, C.

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mast, C. B.

F. M. Weinert, C. B. Mast, and D. Braun, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 9918 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.-M.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mountrichas, G.

G. Mountrichas, M. Mpiri, and S. Pispas, Macromolecules 38, 940 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mpiri, M.

G. Mountrichas, M. Mpiri, and S. Pispas, Macromolecules 38, 940 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

E. D. Barone-Nugent, A. Barty, and K. A. Nugent, J. Microsc. 206, 194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. J.

T. P. Lodge, J. Bang, M. J. Park, and K. Char, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pispas, S.

M. Anyfantakis, A. Königer, S. Pispas, W. Köhler, H.-J. Butt, B. Loppinet, and G. Fytas, Soft Matter 8, 2382 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, G. Fytas, C. Mantzaridis, S. Pispas, H.-J. Butt, and B. Loppinet, J. Opt. 12, 124013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Anyfantakis, B. Loppinet, G. Fytas, and S. Pispas, Opt. Lett. 33, 2839 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Mountrichas, M. Mpiri, and S. Pispas, Macromolecules 38, 940 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Hadjichristidis, H. Iatrou, S. Pispas, and M. Pitsikalis, J. Polym. Sci. A 38, 3211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pitsikalis, M.

N. Hadjichristidis, H. Iatrou, S. Pispas, and M. Pitsikalis, J. Polym. Sci. A 38, 3211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Quake, S. R.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reece, P. J.

P. J. Reece, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rotschild, C.

Ruocco, G.

C. Conti, N. Ghofraniha, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 183902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

R. El-Ganainy, D. N. Christodoulides, C. Rotschild, and M. Segev, Opt. Express 15, 10207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, A.-C.

T. Suo, D. Yan, S. Yang, and A.-C. Shi, Macromolecules 42, 6791 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, R.

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Somma, E.

B. Loppinet, E. Somma, N. Vainos, and G. Fytas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9678 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suo, T.

T. Suo, D. Yan, S. Yang, and A.-C. Shi, Macromolecules 42, 6791 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

C. Conti, N. Ghofraniha, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, G. Ruocco, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 183902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trofimov, V. A.

Q.-F. D. J. Liu, Z.-M. Meng, X.-G. Huang, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q.-F. Dai, H.-Y. Liu, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, X.-B. Yang, S.-H. Liu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsori, Y.

Y. Tsori, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1471 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vainos, N.

B. Loppinet, E. Somma, N. Vainos, and G. Fytas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9678 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sigel, G. Fytas, N. Vainos, S. Pispas, and N. Hadjichristidis, Science 297, 67 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vlassopoulos, D.

R. Sigel, S. Pispas, D. Vlassopoulos, N. Hadjichristidis, and G. Fytas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4666 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weinert, F. M.

F. M. Weinert, C. B. Mast, and D. Braun, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 9918 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

P. J. Reece, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-J.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

a, experimental setup; b, fiber formation (I=2×107W/m2) in a transparent (isoprene-b-styrene) diblock copolymer (IS) dispersion in hexane (c=0.037g/ml) consisting of starlike micelles with PS core and PI corona. The dispersion and the fiber display a positive optical contrast and a local refractive index increase, respectively. c, formation (I=3×107W/m2) of a polymer-depleted stripe (local refractive index decrease) in an IS/ethyl acetate dispersion (c=0.049g/ml) with positive contrast.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SIT in turbid copolymer dispersions. a–h, real-time phase contrast imaging of a turbid IS/ethyl acetate dispersion (c=0.049g/ml) through face 2 of the cell while the laser impinges the cell normal to face 1. After the rapid formation of a low refractive index stripe (a, b), a wide channel of increased transparency propagates (c–g) and finally covers the whole field of view (h). The irradiation time is indicated. The two insets show the transmitted laser spot.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

a, increase of the transmittance as a function of the irradiation time for different laser powers; b, transmission of the microscope’s white light through the formed transparent microchannel (Tr=90%). The background appears darker due to its lower transmittance (Tr=40%). The image was recorded through white light illumination normal to face 1 of the cell. The sample is IS/ethyl acetate (c=0.038g/ml).

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