Abstract

We present a new method to create a coupled waveguide array via tapering a seven-core telecommunications fiber. The fiber based waveguide array is demonstrated to exhibit the novel physics associated with coupled waveguide arrays, such as discrete diffraction and discrete self-focusing. The saturable absorber characteristics of the device are characterized and an autocorrelation measurement reveals significant single-pass pulse reshaping.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

2005

2002

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

H. G. Winful and D. T. Walton, Opt. Lett. 17, 1688 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

Aitchison, J. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Betlej, A.

Birks, T. A.

Bise, R. T.

Boyd, A. R.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Couderc, V.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Dekker, S. A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eilenberger, F.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, H. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J.

A. Betlej, S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, L. Jankovic, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, J. Fini, R. T. Bise, and D. J. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 31, 1480 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Fishteyn, M.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Hudson, D. D.

Jackson, S. D.

Jankovic, L.

Judge, A. C.

Kartashov, Y. V.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kobelke, J.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

Lederer, F.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Mägi, E. C.

Makris, K. G.

Minardi, S.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Morandotti, R.

D. D. Hudson, K. Shish, T. R. Schibli, J. N. Kutz, D. N. Christodoulides, R. Morandotti, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 33, 1440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proctor, J.

Räpke, U.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sanghera, J. S.

Schibli, T. R.

Schuster, K.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

Shish, K.

Silberberg, Y.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Simos, C.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Suntsov, S.

Szameit, A.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Torner, L.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Walton, D. T.

Winful, H. G.

Yan, M.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Minardi, F. Eilenberger, Y. V. Kartashov, A. Szameit, U. Räpke, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, H. Bartelt, S. Nolte, L. Torner, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (2011), paper PDPB7.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (1914 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Conceptual diagram of the creation of a coupled waveguide array (tapered region) via tapering a seven-core fiber. The coupling is observed in real time during the tapering process by sending light from an ASE source through the central core and monitoring the output power distribution with an InGaAs camera (Media 1). (b) Schematic setup for the nonlinear experiments.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Discrete self-focusing of the multicore device observed with an InGaAs camera; (b) The bars show the fraction of average power found in the different cores when light is coupled into core 1 for two different peak powers. At 25 kW peak power, most of the light is evanescently coupled to the other cores. At 73 kW, however, most of the light stays confined in the launch core.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fraction of power lost in the launched core due to evanescent coupling to the other cores. With increasing input power the coupling becomes weaker due to discrete self-focusing and the loss decreases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation traces of input (black solid curves) and output (blue dashed curves) pulses of the launch core. In (a), the launched pulse is below the self-focusing critical power and thus undergoes slight temporal broadening based on linear dispersion. In (b), the launched power is above the critical power and the nonlinear pulse shortening is evident as the pulses are shortened by 28% in the device.

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