Abstract

We propose a new approach to generating a pair of initial beams for a polarization converter that operates by summing up two opposite-sign circularly polarized beams. The conjugated pairs of vortex beams matched with laser modes are generated using binary diffractive optical elements (DOEs). The same binary element simultaneously serves two functions: a beam shaper and a beam splitter. Two proposed optical arrangements are compared in terms of alignment complexity and energy efficiency. The DOEs in question have been designed and fabricated. Natural experiments that demonstrate the generation of vector higher-order cylindrical beams have been conducted.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhan, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 1 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

H.-Y. Tsai, H. I. Smith, and R. Menon, Sci. Techno. B 25, 2068 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

1999 (1)

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

Aït-Ameur, K.

Balalayev, S. A.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Saint Denis, R.

Dong, B. Z.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, J. Phys. D 38, 827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ford, D. H.

Gu, B. Y.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, J. Phys. D 38, 827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hierle, R.

Honkanen, M.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Karpeev, S. V.

Khonina, S. N.

S. N. Khonina and S. V. Karpeev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 2115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina and S. V. Karpeev, Appl. Opt. 49, 1734 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Kim, G. H.

Kimura, W. D.

Kotlyar, V. V.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Lautanen, J.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Menon, R.

H.-Y. Tsai, H. I. Smith, and R. Menon, Sci. Techno. B 25, 2068 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Niu, C. H.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, J. Phys. D 38, 827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paivanranta, B.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Passilly, N.

Roch, J.-F.

Skidanov, R. V.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

H.-Y. Tsai, H. I. Smith, and R. Menon, Sci. Techno. B 25, 2068 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soifer, V. A.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Tidwell, S. C.

Treussart, F.

Tsai, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Tsai, H. I. Smith, and R. Menon, Sci. Techno. B 25, 2068 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, Y.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, J. Phys. D 38, 827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Opt. A (1)

S. N. Khonina, S. A. Balalayev, R. V. Skidanov, V. V. Kotlyar, B. Paivanranta, and J. Turunen, J. Opt. A 11, 065702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Phys. D (1)

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, J. Phys. D 38, 827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Optik (1)

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, J. Lautanen, M. Honkanen, and J. Turunen, Optik 110, 137 (1999).

Sci. Techno. B (1)

H.-Y. Tsai, H. I. Smith, and R. Menon, Sci. Techno. B 25, 2068 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Interferometric superposition of two circularly polarized beams with first-order phase vortices of opposite sign.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Encoded binary DOEs (central parts) to generate (a) a fundamental Gaussian mode, (b) the LG mode (3,0), and (c) a Bessel beam, all complemented with the first-order vortical phase singularity. The inset shows the zoomed-out fragment.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Intensity patterns (negative) at the optical setup output for different analyzer positions (1, vertical position; 2, turned right by 45°; 3, horizontal position; 4, turned left by 45°) for the radially polarized (a) lower-order Gaussian mode, (b) higher-order Gaussian mode, and (c) Bessel mode generated as a result of superposition of circularly polarized beams.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity patterns (negative) in the focal plane of a lens put at the optical setup output for different analyzer positions for the radially polarized (a) lower-order Gaussian mode, (b) higher-order Gaussian mode, and (c) Bessel mode generated by the superposition of circularly polarized beams.

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