Abstract

A novel ultracompact electro-optic phase modulator based on a single 9 μm-diameter III-V microdisk resonator heterogeneously integrated on and coupled to a nanophotonic waveguide is presented. Modulation is enabled by effective index modification through carrier injection. Proof-of-concept implementation involving binary phase shift keying modulation format is assembled. A power imbalance of 0.6dB between both symbols and a modulation rate up to 1.8 Gbps are demonstrated without using any special driving technique.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W.-C. Chiu, C.-C. Chang, J.-M. Wu, M.-C. M. Lee, and J.-M. Shieh, Opt. Lett. 36, 1089 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y.-H. Lin and Y.-S. Tsou, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 114516 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. N. Feng, S. R. Liao, D. Z. Feng, P. Dong, D. W. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. L. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, Opt. Express 18, 7994 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.
  13. K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.
  14. Y.-H. Kuo, H.-W. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Feng, S. R. Liao, D. Z. Feng, P. Dong, D. W. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. L. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, Opt. Express 18, 7994 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Kuo, H.-W. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Attanasio, D. V.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bennet, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Bhardwaj, A.

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bossi, D. E.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Y.-H. Kuo, H.-W. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, S. P.

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-C.

Chen, H.-W.

H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Kuo, H.-W. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, W.-C.

Cunningham, J. E.

Di Cioccio, L.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Espinola, R. L.

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.-M.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Fetterman, H. R.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D. F.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geary, K.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grenouillet, L.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hallemeier, P. F.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hung, Y.-C.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S.-J.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-K.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kissa, K. M.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, C.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kumar, R.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.-H.

H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Kuo, H.-W. Chen, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 16, 9936 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lafau, D. A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-G.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-C. M.

Li, G. L.

Li, Y.

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Liao, S. R.

Lim, S. T.

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Lin and Y.-S. Tsou, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 114516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Liu, L.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maack, D.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandorlo, F.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manipatruni, S.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

McBrien, G. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morthier, G.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, E. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oh, I.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ophir, N.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Osgood, R. M.

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Padmaraju, K.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Park, G.-C.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Png, C. E.

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raz, O.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reed, G. T.

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ristic, S.

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Seassal, C.

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Selavaraja, S. K.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shafiiha, R.

Shakya, J.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Shieh, J.-M.

Soref, R. A.

Spuesens, T.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M. C.

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsou, Y.-S.

Y.-H. Lin and Y.-S. Tsou, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 114516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, J. Van Campenhout, G. Roelkens, R. A. Soref, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 33, 2518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-M.

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Yardley, J. T.

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yi-Yan, A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, W.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, D. W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S.-K. Kim, W. Yuan, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, H. R. Fetterman, D.-G. Lee, C. Zhang, C. Wang, W. H. Steier, G.-C. Park, S.-J. Kang, and I. Oh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. E. Png, S. P. Chan, S. T. Lim, and G. T. Reed, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafau, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. F. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. K. Selavaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, P. Regreny, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Li, R. Wang, A. Bhardwaj, S. Ristic, and J. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, M. C. Tsai, J. T. Yardley, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.-W. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y.-H. Lin and Y.-S. Tsou, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 114516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

S. Manipatruni, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, in Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WO2.

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, in Proceedings of the 2011 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2011), paper Th.12.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Sketch showing the experimental setup, (b) top-view micrograph of fabricated MDRs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Gain and phase transfer functions of the MDR and detail of the optical carrier spectral placement.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Waveform at the MDR output, (b) small-signal response, S21, of the MDR.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Interferometric-based setup for PM-IM conversion.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Waveforms at the MZI output and at the upper and lower arm outputs prior to the coupler.

Metrics