Abstract

This Letter demonstrates a photo-addressable, bistable reflective liquid crystal display that is based on a dye-doped liquid crystal (DDLC). Bistable bright and dark states can be attained using the 45 deg twisted nematic (TN) and photo-induced isotropic states (PHI) of the DDLC, respectively. Both the 45 deg TN and PHI states can exist stably for tens of hours, and each can be rapidly switched to the other by the isomerization effect using UV and green light. A bistable reflective liquid crystal display is simply fabricated, easily operated, and rapidly switched. It therefore has the potential to be used in portable information systems.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

W.-C. Kao, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Kim, H.-J. Jin, K.-H. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, Opt. Express 18, 16745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, L. Green, Q. Li, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. Tabiryan, U. Hrozhyk, and S. Serak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

B. Fitzhenry-Ritz, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 28, 726 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bricker, R. L.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, L. Green, Q. Li, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, L. Green, Q. Li, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.-Y.

Cheng, K.-T.

Chien, L. C.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2005).

Doane, J. W.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferjani, S.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fitzhenry-Ritz, B.

B. Fitzhenry-Ritz, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 28, 726 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

Fuh, H. R.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Green, L.

Hrozhyk, U.

N. Tabiryan, U. Hrozhyk, and S. Serak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hrozhyk, U. A.

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.-W.

Huang, B.-Y.

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

Huang, S.-Y.

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

Hung, S. Y.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jau, H. C.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jau, H.-C.

Jin, H.-J.

Kao, W.-C.

W.-C. Kao, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-C.

Kim, K.-H.

Kwok, H. S.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

Lee, J.-H.

Li, Q.

Li, X. H.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.-D.

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

Lin, T. H.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.-H.

Lo, Y.-S.

Mo, T.-S.

C.-R. Lee, J.-D. Lin, B.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, and S.-Y. Huang, Opt. Express 18, 25897 (2010).

Murauski, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muravsky, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, L. Green, Q. Li, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.-H.

Serak, S.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Tabiryan, U. Hrozhyk, and S. Serak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S. V.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sio, L. D.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Tabiryan, U. Hrozhyk, and S. Serak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

Umeton, C.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Veltri, A.

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

West, J. L.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

White, T. J.

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, L. Green, Q. Li, and T. J. Bunning, Opt. Express 18, 173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D.-K. Yang and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices, Wiley-SID Series in Display Technology (Wiley, 2006).

Wu, T. X.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. K.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.-K.

D.-K. Yang and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices, Wiley-SID Series in Display Technology (Wiley, 2006).

Yoon, T.-H.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

L. D. Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Hrozhyk, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mater. 19, 3244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

B. Fitzhenry-Ritz, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 28, 726 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (2)

W.-C. Kao, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Tabiryan, U. Hrozhyk, and S. Serak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soft Matt. (1)

T. J. White, R. L. Bricker, L. V. Natarajan, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, and T. J. Bunning, Soft Matt. 5, 3623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2005).

D.-K. Yang and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices, Wiley-SID Series in Display Technology (Wiley, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Structure of proposed PRLCD; (b) Mechanisms of isothermal phase transitions between NLC and PHI states of DDLC, induced by photoisomerization.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principles of PRLCD: (a) in the ON state, the DDLC layer is in the 45 deg TN state, and (b) in the OFF state, the DDLC layer is in the PHI state. POL, DDLC, and QWP are the linear polarizer, the dye-doped liquid crystal, and the QWP, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variations in transmission of PRLCD with (a) writing time and (b) erasing time.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

PRLCD (a) without any image, (b) bold “NSYSU” is written, and (c) bold “NSYSU” is erased and normal “NSYSU” is written.

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