Abstract

A complex-envelope (CE) alternating-direction-implicit (ADI) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) approach to treat light–matter interaction self-consistently with electromagnetic field evolution for efficient simulations of active photonic devices is presented for the first time (to our best knowledge). The active medium (AM) is modeled using an efficient multilevel system of carrier rate equations to yield the correct carrier distributions, suitable for modeling semiconductor/solid-state media accurately. To include the AM in the CE-ADI-FDTD method, a first-order differential system involving CE fields in the AM is first set up. The system matrix that includes AM parameters is then split into two time-dependent submatrices that are then used in an efficient ADI splitting formula. The proposed CE-ADI-FDTD approach with AM takes 22% of the time as the approach of the corresponding explicit FDTD, as validated by semiconductor microdisk laser simulations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

2008

E. L. Tan, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 56, 170(2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Jung and F. L. Teixeira, Phys. Rev. B 77, 125108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Bohringer and O. Hess, Progr. Quantum Electron. 32, 247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K.-Y. Jung, F. L. Teixeira, and R. Lee, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett. 6, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Sun and C. T. M. Choi, IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 17, 253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Pinto and S. S. A. Obayya, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

C. Ma and Z. Chen, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 53, 971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Rao, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 46, 334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bohringer, K.

K. Bohringer and O. Hess, Progr. Quantum Electron. 32, 247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

C. Ma and Z. Chen, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 53, 971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. N.

Choi, C. T. M.

S.-H. Sun and C. T. M. Choi, IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 17, 253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Hess, O.

K. Bohringer and O. Hess, Progr. Quantum Electron. 32, 247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Ho, S.-T.

Huang, Y.

Jung, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Jung and F. L. Teixeira, Phys. Rev. B 77, 125108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Jung, F. L. Teixeira, and R. Lee, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett. 6, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R.

K.-Y. Jung, F. L. Teixeira, and R. Lee, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett. 6, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, C.

C. Ma and Z. Chen, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 53, 971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nagra, A. S.

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 46, 334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Obayya, S. S. A.

Osgood, R. M.

H. Rao, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, D.

Rao, H.

H. Rao, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scarmozzino, R.

H. Rao, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Singh, G.

Sun, S.-H.

S.-H. Sun and C. T. M. Choi, IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 17, 253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tan, E. L.

G. Singh, E. L. Tan, and Z. N. Chen, Opt. Lett. 36, 1494 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Tan, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 56, 170(2008).
[CrossRef]

Teixeira, F. L.

K.-Y. Jung and F. L. Teixeira, Phys. Rev. B 77, 125108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Jung, F. L. Teixeira, and R. Lee, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett. 6, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

York, R. A.

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 46, 334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett.

K.-Y. Jung, F. L. Teixeira, and R. Lee, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett. 6, 643 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett.

S.-H. Sun and C. T. M. Choi, IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 17, 253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Rao, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat.

C. Ma and Z. Chen, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 53, 971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 46, 334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Tan, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 56, 170(2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

K.-Y. Jung and F. L. Teixeira, Phys. Rev. B 77, 125108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Progr. Quantum Electron.

K. Bohringer and O. Hess, Progr. Quantum Electron. 32, 247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

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