Abstract

The electro-optical behavior of deformed helix ferroelectric liquid crystal in reflective mode is described in this paper. The electrically controlled reflectance has been measured at subkilohertz driving voltage frequency for different polarizations of the incident light and compared quite successfully with the simulation results.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).
  4. Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. P. Pozhidaev, Proc. SPIE 4511, 92 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Mao, D. J. McKnight, and K. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 20, 342 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Zhao, F. Boussaid, A. Bermak, and V. G. Chigrinov, Opt. Express 19, 5565 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech House, 1999).

2012 (1)

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

2011 (3)

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, F. Boussaid, A. Bermak, and V. G. Chigrinov, Opt. Express 19, 5565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

E. P. Pozhidaev, Proc. SPIE 4511, 92 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bermak, A.

Boussaid, F.

Brodzeli, Z.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Chen, Y.

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, H. L.

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V. G.

X. Zhao, F. Boussaid, A. Bermak, and V. G. Chigrinov, Opt. Express 19, 5565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech House, 1999).

Clark, N. A.

N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dergachev, D. I.

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. H.

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Funfshilling, J.

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glushchenko, A.

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Q.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Ho, J.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, M.

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K. M.

Kiselev, A.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Kiselev, A. D.

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H. S.

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ladouceur, F.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Lagerwall, S. T.

N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. H.

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. Q.

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mao, C.

McKnight, D. J.

Michie, A.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Minchenko, M.

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miraldi, E.

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murauski, A.

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Muravsky, A.

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Poshidaev, E. P.

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pozhidaev, E.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pozhidaev, E. P.

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, Proc. SPIE 4511, 92 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Yu.

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schadt, M.

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, L.

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Strigazzi, A.

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Torgova, S.

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

West, J. L.

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. R.

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. H.

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xianyu, H.

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, P. Z.

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Yednak, C.

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Zhukov, A.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. H. Fan, Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, H. Xianyu, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. L. West, G. Zhang, A. Glushchenko, and Yu. Reznikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

X. H. Li, A. Murauski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, and V. G. Chigrinov, J. Disp. Technol. 3, 273(2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, D. Huang, A. Zhukov, J. Ho, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst. (2)

E. Pozhidaev, S. Torgova, M. Minchenko, C. Yednak, A. Strigazzi, and E. Miraldi, Liq. Cryst. 37, 1067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Beresnev, V. G. Chigrinov, D. I. Dergachev, E. P. Poshidaev, J. Funfshilling, and M. Schadt, Liq. Cryst. 5, 1171 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Y. H. Wu, Y. H. Lin, Y. Q. Lu, H. Ren, Y. H. Fan, J. R. Wu, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Express 12, 6377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, F. Boussaid, A. Bermak, and V. G. Chigrinov, Opt. Express 19, 5565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (2)

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Phys. Rev. E 75, 061706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

E. P. Pozhidaev, Proc. SPIE 4511, 92 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Brodzeli, F. Ladouceur, L. Silvestri, A. Michie, V. Chigrinov, Q. Guo, E. Pozhidaev, and A. Kiselev, Proc. SPIE 8351, 83512C (2012).

Other (1)

V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech House, 1999).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Drawing of the DHF liquid crystal cell structure, placed between crossed polarizer P and analyzer A, and the helix axis Z is parallel to the substrates: 1, glassy substrates; 2, ITO covered with aligning layers; 3, smectic layers; 4, the voltage generator; 5, gold mirror.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Microphoto of the photo-aligned 5 μm thick FLC-576 layer placed between crossed polarizers. Size of the image is 150×80μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for electro-optical measurements of DHF liquid crystal cells.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured (symbols) and calculated (lines) dependencies of the normalized reflection on the square voltage amplitude applied to 5 μm thick FLC-576 layer injected into the reflected DHFLC cell. Measurements have been carried out at frequency 500 Hz and β=0°, 17°, and 45°.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of the FLC-576 dielectric susceptibility on FLC layer thickness is presented. Measurements have been carried out at frequency f=500Hz.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

IriIri45sin22β,
T=sin2[2(β±α)]sin2πΔneffdFLCλ,
Iri=Iri45sin2[2(β±α)]sin22πΔneffdFLCλ.
Rn=IriIri45.
α=12Atan(GEsin2θ132sin2θ).
G=ε0χGPs,
Δneff=(nIIn)(132sin2θ)tan22α,

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