Abstract

Phase-shifted Bragg grating waveguides (PSBGWs) were formed in bulk fused silica glass by femtosecond laser direct writing to produce narrowband (22±3)pm filters at 1550 nm. Tunable π and other phase shifts generated narrow passbands in controlled positions of the Bragg stopband, while the accurate placement of multiple cascaded phase-shift regions yielded a rectangular-shaped bandpass filter. A waveguide birefringence of (7.5±0.3)×105 is inferred from the polarization-induced spectral shifting of the PSBGW narrowband filters.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

1996 (1)

D. Uttamchandani and A. Othonos, Opt. Commun. 127, 200 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

W. Loh, M. Cole, M. Zervas, S. Barcelos, and R. Laming, Opt. Lett. 20, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J. Canning and M. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. Haus and C. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J.

Alferness, R.

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ams, M.

Armes, D.

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Azaña, J.

Barcelos, S.

Berger, N. K.

Bhardwaj, V.

Buhl, L.

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning and M. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, Femtosecond Laser Micromachining (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

Cole, M.

Corkum, P.

Dekker, P.

Divino, M.

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dolgaleva, K.

Eaton, S.

Fernandes, L.

Fischer, B.

Grenier, J.

Haus, H.

H. Haus and C. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P.

Hnatovsky, C.

Jovanovic, N.

Joyner, C.

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kulishov, M.

Laming, R.

Leminger, O.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levit, B.

Loh, W.

Malacarne, A.

Marques, P.

Marshall, G.

Marshall, G. D.

Martyak, M.

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mckee, P.

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, Femtosecond Laser Micromachining (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

Othonos, A.

D. Uttamchandani and A. Othonos, Opt. Commun. 127, 200 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Plant, D. V.

Radic, S.

G. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, Femtosecond Laser Micromachining (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

Rayner, D.

Sceats, M.

J. Canning and M. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C.

H. Haus and C. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

Steel, M. J.

Tannouri, P.

Taylor, R.

Uttamchandani, D.

D. Uttamchandani and A. Othonos, Opt. Commun. 127, 200 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. J.

Withford, M.

Withford, M. J.

Zengerle, R.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M.

Zhang, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Alferness, C. Joyner, M. Divino, M. Martyak, and L. Buhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Canning and M. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. Mckee, and D. Armes, Electron. Lett. 30, 1977 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Haus and C. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Uttamchandani and A. Othonos, Opt. Commun. 127, 200 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, Femtosecond Laser Micromachining (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

L. Fernandes, J. Grenier, P. Herman, J. Aitchison, and P. Marques, in Femtosecond Laser Microfabrication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper LMTuC5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Femtosecond laser setup for the fabrication of PSBGWs. Inset, a, AOM modulation signal (500 Hz) with a π-phase-shift, b, resulting laser bursts, and c, refractive index voxels that produce the segmented waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Vertically polarized transmission (dashed green curve) and reflection (solid blue curve) spectra for a BGW with (a) no phase shift, (b) π phase shift, (c) π/2 phase shift, and (d) 3π/2 phase shift.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Vertical (solid blue curve) and horizontal (dashed red curve) polarized reflection spectra for a BGW with a single π phase shift in the center of the grating. Inset, closeup of the vertical polarized reflection spectrum showing the 3 dB bandwidth.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Vertically polarized transmission (dashed green curve) and reflection (solid blue curve) spectra of a BGW with five cascaded π phase shifts.

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