Abstract

The deposition of a thin layer of a quantum-cutter material on top of silicon-based solar cells seems to be a promising solution to reduce the thermalization losses. This mechanism has been reported in materials codoped with Pr3+Yb3+, where Pr3+ can sensitize two Yb3+ ions for one absorbed blue photon. In the present Letter, we analyze precisely energy transfers between Pr3+ and Yb3+ in CaYAlO4, and we measure a quantum-cutting rate of 145%. We show that a very efficient back transfer from Yb3+ toward the G41 level of Pr3+ ion leads to a strong reduction of the quantum yield.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. Hanna and A. J. Nozik, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074510 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Q. Zhang and X. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. G. Choi and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 199 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2012

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Q. Zhang and X. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hanna and A. J. Nozik, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

Y. G. Choi and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 199 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1961

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Aarts, L.

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Agranovich, V.

R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Benayad, A.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bensalah-Ledoux, A.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biner, D.

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Breton, G.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cahen, D.

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H.

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. G.

Y. G. Choi and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 199 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Mello, J. C.

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Donegá, C. D. M.

C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J.-L.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Emery, K.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goossens, A. P. L. M.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guille, A.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M. C.

M. C. Hanna and A. J. Nozik, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hanrath, T.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

Y. G. Choi and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 199 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hishikawa, Y.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Houtepen, A. J.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

Q. Zhang and X. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J.

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, W.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kate, O. T.

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V.

R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knulst, W.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, K.

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lubomirsky, I.

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lunt, M.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ménard, V.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L. D.

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moine, B.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Niitsoo, O.

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nozik, A. J.

M. C. Hanna and A. J. Nozik, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, A.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Piris, J.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Queisser, H. J.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B. S.

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rothwell, W.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schaller, R.

R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schins, J. M.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, D.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shockley, W.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Shpaisman, H.

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siebbeles, L. D. A.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trinh, M. T.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Ende, B. M.

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van der Kolk, E.

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Verdun, H. R.

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Warta, W.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wiegman, J.

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, H. F.

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wurfel, P.

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zandi, B.

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang and X. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Adv. Mater. 21, 3073 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Guille, A. Pereira, G. Breton, A. Bensalah-Ledoux, and B. Moine, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 043104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Trupke, M. A. Green, and P. Wurfel, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hanna and A. J. Nozik, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 074510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

W. Jordan, A. Jha, M. Lunt, S. Davey, R. Wyatt, and W. Rothwell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 5 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Choi and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 199 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

C. D. M. Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

M. T. Trinh, A. J. Houtepen, J. M. Schins, T. Hanrath, J. Piris, W. Knulst, A. P. L. M. Goossens, and L. D. A. Siebbeles, Nano Lett. 8, 1713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

R. Schaller, V. Agranovich, and V. Klimov, Nat. Phys. 1, 189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Mater. 33, 1028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Hutchinson, H. R. Verdun, B. H. Chai, B. Zandi, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Mater. 3, 287 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. van der Kolk, O. T. Kate, J. Wiegman, D. Biner, and K. Kramer, Opt. Mater. 33, 1024 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

B. M. van der Ende, L. Aarts, and A. Meijerink, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 11081 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Mater. Sci.

Q. Zhang and X. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Photovolt.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, and W. Warta, Prog. Photovolt. 17, 320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells

H. Shpaisman, O. Niitsoo, I. Lubomirsky, and D. Cahen, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Richards, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90, 1189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of quantum cutting with Pr3+ and Yb3+. (a), (b), (c) are three possible mechanisms of energy transfer from Pr3+ toward Yb3+.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Emission spectrum in CYA: 0.5% Pr3+, 3% Yb3+ excited in P23 level at λex=450nm. (b) Excitation spectra of Yb3+ in CYA: 0.5% Pr3+, x% Yb3+ monitored at 980 nm and normalized on the D21 peak.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Luminescence decay of Yb3+ emission in CYA codoped with 1% Yb3+ and x% Pr3+ excited at 950 nm and monitored at 980 nm. τx is Yb3+ mean lifetime and ηx the transfer rate from Yb3+ to Pr3+.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Partial quantum yield of CYA doped with 0.5% Pr3+ and x% Yb3+.

Metrics