Abstract

The impact of the effective optical thickness of a photopolymer on its holographic performance was studied. To overcome the attenuation of gratings for a better uniformity, a multilayer approach was introduced, by adjusting concentrations of dye along the depth of photopolymer to compensate the attenuation of recording light due to absorption. Multilayer photopolymers with thicknesses over 500 μm were designed, fabricated, and characterized experimentally, exhibiting better Bragg selectivity. More holograms were stored in multilayer material by angular multiplexing, and the cumulative grating strength was enhanced, leading towards larger holographic storage capacity.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

2010

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2008

M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, S. O’Duill, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Pandey, I. Naydenova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, Opt. Lett. 33, 1981 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2003

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Beléndez, A.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, and A. Beléndez, Opt. Express 14, 5121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, Opt. Express 13, 1939 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chao, Y.-F.

Chen, P.-L.

Cheng, A.Y. S.

Chun-Chuang,

Feely, C. A.

Fernandez, E.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallego, S.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, and A. Beléndez, Opt. Express 14, 5121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, Opt. Express 13, 1939 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

García, C.

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gleeson, M. R.

Guo, J. X.

Hao, Y.

Hsu, K. Y.

Jeong, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Jeong, B. Jung, J. Lee, and J.-K. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, B.

Y.-C. Jeong, B. Jung, J. Lee, and J.-K. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. V.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kowarschik, R.

Lee, J.

Y.-C. Jeong, B. Jung, J. Lee, and J.-K. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

Liu, S.

Márquez, A.

Martin, S.

Matusevich, V.

McLeod, R. R.

Naydenova, I.

Neipp, C.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, and A. Beléndez, Opt. Express 14, 5121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, Opt. Express 13, 1939 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Duill, S.

M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, S. O’Duill, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ortuño, M.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, and A. Beléndez, Opt. Express 14, 5121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, Opt. Express 13, 1939 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pandey, N.

Park, J.-K.

Y.-C. Jeong, B. Jung, J. Lee, and J.-K. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pascual, I.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, Opt. Express 13, 1939 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, J. T.

Toal, V.

Tolstik, E.

Wang, G.

Xie, B.

Zhu, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, Appl. Phys. B 76, 851 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y.-C. Jeong, B. Jung, J. Lee, and J.-K. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Appl. Phys.

M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, S. O’Duill, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, E. Fernandez, and I. Pascual, Opt. Commun. 274, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Theoretical and experimental angular selectivity curves around first Bragg angle (20.8°) of two 210 and 510 μm samples; (b) Refractive index distributions of the two samples for recording intensity of 5mW/cm2 at recording time 20 s.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Temporal variation of the transmittance of the common, 2-and 3-layer samples. The inset is a schematic diagram of a 3-layer photopolymer; (b) Experimental angular selectivity curves around first Bragg angle (20.8°) and full angular width of three samples; (c) Refractive index distribution of the 3-layer 510 μm sample for recording intensity of 5mW/cm2 at recording time 20 s; (d) Simulation based on observed experiment of refractive index modulation attenuation coefficient of three samples versus exposure time.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Diffraction efficiency of two series of holograms versus scan angle in two samples; (b) Cumulative grating strengths of two samples versus scan angle.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Dye Concentration Sequence

Equations (2)

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Is=I0exp(ε[YE]1d1)exp(ε[YE]2d2)exp(ε[YE]s1ds1)(Iexp(ε[YE]sds)),
α(t)=n1a(t)n1b(t)d,

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