Abstract

Modern passive THz setups require effective optical elements with a large numerical aperture. Here we propose a new type of the optical element for THz applications, which is a broadband double-sided Fresnel-like lens with an optimized thickness. The optimization is performed to obtain a very low attenuation, low material cost, and small weight in the element media. It also provides achromatic properties for the assumed wavelength range. The experimental evaluation of the proposed diffractive lens by means of time-domain spectroscopy is presented and discussed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (1)

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

C. Bruckner, G. Notnia, and A. Tunnermann, Optik 121, 113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Walsby, J. Alton, C. Worrall, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 32, 1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Sypek, C. Prokopowicz, and M. Górecki, Opt. Eng. 42, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

M. Sypek, Opt. Commun. 116, 43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. C. Marron, D. K. Angell, and A. M. Tai, Proc. SPIE 1211, 62 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alton, J.

Angell, D. K.

J. C. Marron, D. K. Angell, and A. M. Tai, Proc. SPIE 1211, 62 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Astilean, S.

Beere, H. E.

Beigang, R.

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blaikie, R. J.

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruckner, C.

C. Bruckner, G. Notnia, and A. Tunnermann, Optik 121, 113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cambril, E.

Chavel, P.

Cherkassky, V. S.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coutaz, J.-L.

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cumming, D. R. S.

E. D. Walsby, J. Alton, C. Worrall, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 32, 1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Durbin, S. M.

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gallot, G.

Górecki, M.

M. Sypek, C. Prokopowicz, and M. Górecki, Opt. Eng. 42, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hérault, E.

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, A.

J. Richter, A. Hofmann, and L.-P. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the 31st European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 2001).

Knyazev, B. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konysheva, A. V.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krolla, B.

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kulipanov, G. N.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

Launois, H.

Makowski, M.

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marron, J. C.

J. C. Marron, D. K. Angell, and A. M. Tai, Proc. SPIE 1211, 62 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Merzhievsky, L. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Notnia, G.

C. Bruckner, G. Notnia, and A. Tunnermann, Optik 121, 113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paul, O.

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Podzorov, A.

Polskikh, I. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prokopowicz, C.

M. Sypek, C. Prokopowicz, and M. Górecki, Opt. Eng. 42, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reinhard, B.

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richter, J.

J. Richter, A. Hofmann, and L.-P. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the 31st European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 2001).

Ritchie, D. A.

Schmidt, L.-P.

J. Richter, A. Hofmann, and L.-P. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the 31st European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 2001).

Siemion, A.

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sypek, M.

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Sypek, C. Prokopowicz, and M. Górecki, Opt. Eng. 42, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sypek, Opt. Commun. 116, 43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tai, A. M.

J. C. Marron, D. K. Angell, and A. M. Tai, Proc. SPIE 1211, 62 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

C. Bruckner, G. Notnia, and A. Tunnermann, Optik 121, 113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vinokurov, N. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walsby, E. D.

E. D. Walsby, J. Alton, C. Worrall, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 32, 1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Worrall, C.

Zhigach, S. A.

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. Paul, B. Reinhard, B. Krolla, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 241110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Curr. App. Phys. (1)

E. D. Walsby, S. M. Durbin, D. R. S. Cumming, and R. J. Blaikie, Curr. App. Phys. 4, 102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Milli. (1)

E. Hérault, J.-L. Coutaz, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, and M. Sypek, Int. J. Infrared Milli. 32, 403 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Sypek, Opt. Commun. 116, 43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Sypek, C. Prokopowicz, and M. Górecki, Opt. Eng. 42, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (1)

C. Bruckner, G. Notnia, and A. Tunnermann, Optik 121, 113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. C. Marron, D. K. Angell, and A. M. Tai, Proc. SPIE 1211, 62 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Radiophys. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. A. Vinokurov, S. A. Zhigach, B. A. Knyazev, A. V. Konysheva, G. N. Kulipanov, L. A. Merzhievsky, I. A. Polskikh, and V. S. Cherkassky, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 50, 803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Richter, A. Hofmann, and L.-P. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the 31st European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Fresnel-type lens double-sided multispherical achromatic element: photographs and cross-section of one half side of the lens. R denotes the radii of curvature of certain zones.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scheme of the THz goniometer setup. R=159mm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Focusing properties of the multispherical HDPE lens for different frequencies of THz radiation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental evaluation of the deflection angle of the HDPE lens as a function of frequency for beams incident (a) 20 mm, and (b) 40 mm, from the center.

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