Abstract

Laser frequency fluctuations typically limit the performance of high-resolution interferometric fiber strain sensors. Using time delay interferometry, we demonstrate a frequency noise immune fiber sensing system, where strain signals were extracted well below the noise floor normally imposed by the frequency fluctuations of the laser. Initial measurements show a reduction in the noise floor by a factor of 30, with strain sensitivities of a nanostrain/Hz at 100 mHz and reaching 100ps/Hz at 1 Hz. Further characterization of the system indicates the potential for at least 4.5 orders of magnitude frequency fluctuation rejection.

©2012 Optical Society of America

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