Abstract

Optical fibers allow a variety of spectroscopic sensing methods to be implemented in a single-ended backscattering geometry. Taking multimode fibers with surface-enhanced Raman scattering active tips as a model system, it is shown that the remote single-ended collection geometry can be relatively inefficient in comparison to the performance of the underlying sensor structure. Therefore the performance of the single-ended geometry has been compared to the analogous sensor structure on a nonguiding silica glass substrate. While part of the reduction in collection efficiency can be attributed to mismatches between the numerical aperture of the collection optics and that of the fiber, this study suggests that there can be an additional loss due to a mismatch between the confocal area of the collection optics and the area of the fiber core. This effect is most significant for high numerical aperture objectives. However, the collection efficiency is somewhat higher than would be expected from a simple area ratio analysis. This can be attributed to the graded-index fiber used in the model system and the relaxation of confocal requirements in the longitudinal direction.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. L. Stokes and T. Vo-Dinh, Sens. Actuators B 69, 28 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. R. Stoddart and D. J. White, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394, 1761 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Jayawardhana, G. Kostovski, A. P. Mazzolini, and P. R. Stoddart, Appl. Opt. 50, 155 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Everall, Spectroscopy 19, 22 (2004).
  9. C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. EverallAppl. Spectrosc. 62, 591 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. E. Bridges, M. P. Houlne, and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 76, 576 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

P. R. Stoddart and D. J. White, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394, 1761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

N. Everall, Spectroscopy 19, 22 (2004).

T. E. Bridges, M. P. Houlne, and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 76, 576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. L. Stokes and T. Vo-Dinh, Sens. Actuators B 69, 28 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Aroca, R.

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Biggs, K. B.

D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bustamante, C. J.

C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dluhy, R. A.

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Everall, N.

N. EverallAppl. Spectrosc. 62, 591 (2008)
[CrossRef]

N. Everall, Spectroscopy 19, 22 (2004).

Fan, J. G.

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Finzi, L.

C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hieftje, G. M.

R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, S. E.

R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hor, A. M.

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jayawardhana, S.

Jennings, C.

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Juang, C. B.

C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kostovski, G.

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loutfy, R. O.

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mazzolini, A. P.

Potyrailo, R. A.

R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shanmukh, S.

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stoddart, P. R.

Stokes, D. L.

D. L. Stokes and T. Vo-Dinh, Sens. Actuators B 69, 28 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, D. A.

D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vo-Dinh, T.

D. L. Stokes and T. Vo-Dinh, Sens. Actuators B 69, 28 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, D. J.

P. R. Stoddart and D. J. White, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394, 1761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

P. R. Stoddart and D. J. White, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394, 1761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (2)

C. Jennings, R. Aroca, A. M. Hor, and R. O. Loutfy, Anal. Chem. 56, 2033 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Bridges, M. P. Houlne, and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 76, 576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Analyst (1)

D. A. Stuart, K. B. Biggs, and R. P. Van Duyne, Analyst 131, 568 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. J. Liu, J. G. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. (1)

R. A. Potyrailo, S. E. Hobbs, and G. M. Hieftje, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 362, 349 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. B. Juang, L. Finzi, and C. J. Bustamante, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2399 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

D. L. Stokes and T. Vo-Dinh, Sens. Actuators B 69, 28 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spectroscopy (1)

N. Everall, Spectroscopy 19, 22 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics