Abstract

We design a photonic sphere-array nanoantenna (NA) exhibiting both strong directionality and wavelength selectivity. Although the geometric configuration of the photonic NA resembles a plasmonic Yagi–Uda NA, it has different working principles and, most importantly, reduces the inherent metallic loss from plasmonic elements. For any selected optical wavelength, a sharp Fano resonance by the reflector is tunable to overlap spectrally with a wider dipole resonance by the sphere-chain director, leading to high directionality. This Letter provides design principles for directional and selective photonic NAs, which are particularly useful for photon detection and spontaneous emission manipulation.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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