Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate low-repetition-rate mode-locked operation of a macroscopic semiconductor ring laser. Since antiphase periodic pulses are observed only when the two directions of operation are constrained to spatially overlap in the semiconductor medium, we interpret this regime as a result of coupling and competition between clockwise and counterclockwise emission directions. Because of its time constants and the possibility of unidirectional operation, the device could be highly suitable for the generation of temporal cavity solitons.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.
  2. S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Ackemann, W. Firth, and G. Oppo, in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57, E. Arimondo, P. Berman, and C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), pp. 323–421.
  5. T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Gil and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. A 83, 013822 (2011).
  13. F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Eagleyard, EYP-BAA-0980-04000-4020-CMT04-0LAB.
  15. C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. Pérez-Arjona, V. J. Sánchez-Morcillo, and E. Roldán, Opt. Lett. 32, 3221 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Gil and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. A 83, 013822 (2011).

2010 (3)

A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ackemann, T.

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Ackemann, W. Firth, and G. Oppo, in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57, E. Arimondo, P. Berman, and C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), pp. 323–421.

Arecchi, F. T.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barland, S.

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Beaudoi, G.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bertarelli, L.

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boscolo, I.

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, M.

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Coen, S.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Columbo, L.

L. Gil and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. A 83, 013822 (2011).

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Donati, S.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elsass, T.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Emplit, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Firth, W.

T. Ackemann, W. Firth, and G. Oppo, in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57, E. Arimondo, P. Berman, and C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), pp. 323–421.

Fischer, I.

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gauthron, K.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gil, L.

L. Gil and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. A 83, 013822 (2011).

Giudici, M.

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Giuliani, G.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Göbel, E.

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gorza, S. P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hachair, X.

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haelterman, M.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hess, O.

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, R.

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Javaloyes, J.

A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, S. D.

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kockaert, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuszelewicz, R.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leo, F.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lippi, G. L.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L.

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Lugiato, L. A.

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maggipinto, T.

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mathis, C.

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miglierina, R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oppo, G.

T. Ackemann, W. Firth, and G. Oppo, in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57, E. Arimondo, P. Berman, and C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), pp. 323–421.

Patera, G.

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Arjona, I.

Pérez-Serrano, A.

A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perrini, I. M.

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prati, F.

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Puccioni, G. P.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Radwell, N.

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roldán, E.

Sagnes, I.

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez-Morcillo, V. J.

Scire, A.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taggiasco, C.

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tanguy, Y.

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tissoni, G.

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Tredicce, J.

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Tredicce, J. R.

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoi, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, and S. Barbay, Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

I. Fischer, O. Hess, W. Elsässer, and E. Göbel, Europhys. Lett. 35, 579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, Nat. Photon. 4, 471 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

L. Columbo, I. M. Perrini, T. Maggipinto, and M. Brambilla, New J. Phys. 8, 312 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. D (1)

C. Mathis, C. Taggiasco, L. Bertarelli, I. Boscolo, and J. Tredicce, Phys. D 96, 242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gil and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. A 83, 013822 (2011).

S. D. Jenkins, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, L. Columbo, and M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033832 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, G. Patera, and L. Columbo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 203901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, X. Hachair, T. Elsass, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. Ackemann, W. Firth, and G. Oppo, in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57, E. Arimondo, P. Berman, and C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), pp. 323–421.

L. Lugiato, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, S. Barland, M. Giudici, and J. Tredicce, in Dissipative Solitons from Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 751 (Springer, 2008), pp. 1–42.

Eagleyard, EYP-BAA-0980-04000-4020-CMT04-0LAB.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: BAA, broad stripe amplifier; C1, C2, aspheric collimators (f=4.51mm); M, mirror; L1, L2, cylindrical lenses (f=80mm); I, iris; BS, beam splitter; BSa, beam sampler; FPD, fast photodetector; PM, power meter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Time-averaged LI curve with open diaphragm (b) Time-averaged LI curve with closed diaphragm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Power spectrum in the bidirectional case, showing beat notes between modes (340 and 680 MHz) at threshold followed by multimode alternate oscillations and their (sub)harmonics. On the right, power spectra at 1.55 A (bottom), 1.57 A (middle), and 1.64 A (top).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental time traces of the intensities for different current level for the CW (blue curve) and CCW directions (red curve) at (a) I=1.6A, (b) I=1.9A, (c) magnification of (b), I=1.9A, (d) I=2.3A.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Power spectra in the mode-locking regime for the CW and CCW directions. For reference, the inset contains the spectra out of the mode-locking regime.

Metrics