Abstract

We report on a simple, compact, and robust 780 nm distributed Bragg reflector laser with subkilohertz intrinsic linewidth. An external cavity with optical path length of 3.6 m, implemented with an optical fiber, reduces the laser frequency noise by several orders of magnitude. At frequencies above 100 kHz the frequency noise spectral density is reduced by over 33 dB, resulting in an intrinsic Lorentzian linewidth of 300 Hz. The remaining low-frequency noise is easily removed by stabilization to an external reference cavity. We further characterize the influence of feedback power and current variation on the intrinsic linewidth. The system is suitable for experiments requiring a tunable laser with narrow linewidth and low high-frequency noise, such as coherent optical communication, optical clocks, and cavity QED experiments.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, and R. Drullinger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Labaziewicz, P. Richerme, K. R. Brown, I. L. Chuang, and K. Hayasaka, Opt. Lett. 32, 572 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Hayasaka, Opt. Lett. 36, 2188 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 32, 641 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Kefelian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 914 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. R. Berman, ed., Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Supplement 2) (Academic, 1994).
  15. K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 23, 885 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 298 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (5)

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, T. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Wang, F. Meng, J. Cao, Z. Fang, T. Li, and E. Zang, Opt. Lett. 36, 34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Lett. 36, 2188 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

1995 (1)

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1986 (2)

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 298 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alnis, J.

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

Boyd, M. M.

Brown, K. R.

Camp, M. A. V.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, I. L.

Dahmani, B.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R.

Elliott, D. S.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Z.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S. M.

Gupta, S.

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaka, K.

Hemmerich, A.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 298 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 23, 885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kolachevsky, N.

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Konig, W.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Labaziewicz, J.

Leroux, I. D.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Li, Y.

Ludlow, A. D.

Matveev, A.

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.

Moore, K. L.

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Murch, K. W.

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Notcutt, M.

Peng, Y.

Peters, A.

Ricci, L.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Richerme, P.

Roy, R.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sahm, A.

Schiemangk, M.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schleier-Smith, M. H.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. J.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Spießberger, S.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stamper-Kurn, D. M.

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weidemuller, M.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Opt. Express 19, 7077 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Ye, J.

Zang, E.

Zanon-Willette, T.

Zhang, H.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zimmermann, C.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 104, 813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 23, 885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 298 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

K. W. Murch, K. L. Moore, S. Gupta, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn, Nat. Phys. 4, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Ricci, M. Weidemuller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. Konig, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 26, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Alnis, A. Matveev, N. Kolachevsky, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, H. Zhang, M. A. V. Camp, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 143005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. R. Berman, ed., Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Supplement 2) (Academic, 1994).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup for the long-external-cavity laser and the frequency noise characterization. M, mirror; AP, aperture; PM fiber, polarization-maintaining fiber; QWP, quarter-wave plate; BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarization beam splitter; APD, avalanche photodiode; PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser frequency noise spectral density for different setups. From top to bottom: bare DBR laser, short-external-cavity laser, long-external-cavity laser, and measurement noise floor. The feedback power is 31dB for both external cavities. The white-noise level S0 at high frequency determines the intrinsic linewidth Δν according to Eq. (1).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The dependence of intrinsic laser linewidth Δν on fractional feedback power p (left) and on laser current near the operation point at p=39dB and I0=100mA (right).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δν=πS02.

Metrics