Abstract

We experimentally realize a Fabry–Perot-type optical microresonator near the cesium D2 line wavelength based on a tapered optical fiber, equipped with two fiber Bragg gratings that enclose a subwavelength diameter waist. Owing to the very low taper losses, the finesse of the resonator reaches F=86 while the on-resonance transmission is T=11%. The characteristics of our resonator fulfill the requirements of nonlinear optics and cavity quantum electrodynamics in the strong coupling regime. These characteristics, combined with the demonstrated ease of use and advantageous mode geometry, open a realm of applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Liang, L. Yang, J. K. Poon, Y. Huang, K. J. Vahala, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 31, 510 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Lindner, C. Chojetzki, S. Brückner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Express 17, 12523 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic, 2008).
  17. F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 83, 043801 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053801 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (6)

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 83, 043801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

E. Lindner, C. Chojetzki, S. Brückner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Express 17, 12523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alt, W.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

Becker, M.

Berman, P.

P. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic, 2008).

Brambilla, G.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brückner, S.

Bruse, F.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chakrabarti, S.

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chojetzki, C.

Colombe, Y.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dan, C.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dawkins, S. T.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deasy, K.

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delley, Y.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ding, M.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, G.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Fernandez, R.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goldwin, J.

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Götzinger, S.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 83, 043801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hinds, E.

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Hunger, D.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karapetyan, K.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kenner, J.

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Le Kien, F.

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 83, 043801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

Lindner, E.

Linke, F.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morrissey, M. J.

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nayak, K. P.

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nic Chormaic, S.

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noda, T.

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, D.

D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pöllinger, M.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K.

Ratnapala, A.

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rehband, O.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, J.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reitz, D.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renn, A.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rettenmaier, A.

D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, M.

Sagué, G.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, R.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinmetz, T.

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stiebeiner, A.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stoferle, T.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, S.

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toninelli, C.

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Toubaru, K.

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, M.

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

Vetsch, E.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Warken, F.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wiedemann, U.

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yariv, A.

Zhao, H.-Q.

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Garcia-Fernandez, W. Alt, F. Bruse, C. Dan, K. Karapetyan, O. Rehband, A. Stiebeiner, U. Wiedemann, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 105, 3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. O’Shea, A. Rettenmaier, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Appl. Phys. B 99, 623 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Toninelli, Y. Delley, T. Stoferle, A. Renn, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ding, P. Wang, T. Lee, and G. Brambilla, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, J. Mod. Opt. 59, 274 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, and S. Takeuchi, Nano Lett. 11, 4362 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Goldwin, M. Trupke, J. Kenner, A. Ratnapala, and E. Hinds, Nat. Commun. 2, 418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

Y. Colombe, T. Steinmetz, G. Dubois, F. Linke, D. Hunger, and J. Reichel, Nature 450, 272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 83, 043801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, Y. Wu, S. Chakrabarti, and S. Nic Chormaic, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic, 2008).

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