Abstract

A broadband source of polarization entangled photons based on type-II spontaneous parametric down conversion from a chirped PPKTP crystal is presented. With numerical simulation and experimental evaluation, we report a source of broadband polarization entangled states with a bandwidth of approximately 125 nm for use in quantum interferometry. The technique has the potential to become a basis for the development of flexible broadband sources with designed spectral properties.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Carrasco, M. Nasr, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 31, 253 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Opt. Lett. 29, 2429 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Arbore, O. Marco, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 865 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 463 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Fraine, D. S. Simon, O. Minaeva, R. Egorov, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Express 19, 22820 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Fraine, O. Minaeva, D. S. Simon, R. Egorov, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Express 20, 2025 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

2008

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

2002

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Afeyan, B.

Arbore, M. A.

Atature, M.

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Branning, D.

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carrasco, S.

Charbonneau-Lefort, M.

Dauler, E.

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DiGiuseppe, G.

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Egorov, R.

Fejer, M.

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fraine, A.

Hum, D.

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, G.

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marco, O.

Migdall, A.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Migdall, A. L.

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Minaeva, O.

Muller, A.

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nasr, M.

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, M. Nasr, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 31, 253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, M. H.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B.

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, M. Nasr, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 31, 253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Opt. Lett. 29, 2429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

A. Fraine, O. Minaeva, D. S. Simon, R. Egorov, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Express 20, 2025 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fraine, D. S. Simon, O. Minaeva, R. Egorov, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Express 19, 22820 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, M. Nasr, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 31, 253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Opt. Lett. 29, 2429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, M. D.

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Simon, D. S.

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, M. Nasr, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 31, 253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Opt. Lett. 29, 2429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

Torres, J. P.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol.

E. Dauler, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 104, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

G. DiGiuseppe, M. Atature, M. D. Shaw, A. V. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 66, 013801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett

M. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. Hum, and M. Fejer, Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 183601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a polarization interferometer. The inset is a geometrical description of the linearly chirped periodically poled crystal. DR, dichroic reflector; BC, birefringent compensation; BS, beam splitter; P1/P2, polarizers; OC, optical coupler; SMF, single mode fiber; SSPD, superconducting photon detector; DL, birefringent delay line; LP, long pass filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured tuning curves for each polarization separately as well as overlapped from a chirped crystal with Δp=0.2 and z0=Lc/2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured tuning curves for a nonchirped crystal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculation of the interference patterns as well as signal (solid line) and idler (dotted line) spectra at three different temperatures. The time delay axis of the interference patterns corresponds to the differential group delay between the two polarization modes that is scanned by a moving a pair of quartz wedges in one of the arms. The peak of the interferograms corresponds to the differential group delay from the chirped PPKTP crystal itself.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Quantum interferograms obtained from the setup described in Fig. 1. These results agree well with the results of numerical calculations shown in Fig. 4. When used in quantum interferometry, the relevant measurement is the shift in the interference feature rather than the absolute position, since this is made arbitrary by the birefringent compensating element before the beam splitter.

Equations (2)

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χ(2)(ωs,ωpωs)=χ0j=1N(1)jLjsinc(LjΔk/2)×eiΔk(Lj/2+k=j+1NLk),
Rint(Lb)=dωΦ(ω,ωpω)Φ*(ωpω,ω)×[eiΔnb(ω)ωLb/c+eiΔnb(ωpω)(ωpω)Lb/c],

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