Abstract

We characterize the noise conversion from the pump relative intensity noise (RIN) to the RIN and phase noise of passively mode-locked lasers at 1.5 μm. Two mode locking mechanisms, nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM), are compared for noise conversion for the first time. It is found that the RIN and the phase noise of both types of lasers are dominated by the noise converted from the pump RIN and thus, can be predicted with the measured pump RIN and noise conversion ratios. The SESAM laser is found to show an excess noise conversion from the laser RIN to the laser phase noise due to the slow saturable absorber effect.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (3)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, P. Shum, S. Aditya, C. Ouyang, J. Wong, H. Lam, and K. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3622 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[Crossref]

Aditya, S.

Baker, K. A.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chernov, A. I.

Cox, J. A.

Cundiff, S. T.

Datta, S.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P. J.

Diddams, S.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fu, S.

Gee, S.

Hansch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hati, A.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Haur Wong, J.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Joshi, A.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kim, J.

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kolner, B. H.

Lam, H.

Lee, K.

Lee, K. E. K.

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

Lim, D. R. C. S.

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mulder, T. D.

Nejadmalayeri, A. H.

Nelson, C.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Obraztsova, E. D.

Ouyang, C.

Ozharar, S.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

Plant, J. J.

Quinlan, F.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Gee, F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, P. J. Delfyett, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, Opt. Lett. 30, 2742 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T. R.

Scott, R. P.

Shum, P.

Smith, R. P.

Taylor, J.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Udem, T.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

Wang, H.

Willits, J.

Wong, J.

Wong, J. H.

Wong, V. K. H.

Wu, K.

Zimmermann, M.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1493 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, IEEE Photonics J. 3, 140 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Setup for characterization of the noise conversion from the pump to the mode-locked fiber lasers; Inset: RF spectrum of the SESAM laser with 1 kHz pump modulation after photodetection; (b) NPR laser setup; and (c) SESAM laser setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Noise conversion ratios rRIN, rPN, and rRF measured for the NPR laser and (b) measured and predicted PSDs of RIN and phase noise of the NPR laser. Inset: PSD of the pump RIN.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Noise conversion ratios rRIN, rPN, and rRF measured for the SESAM laser and the calculated excess phase noise ΔrPN based on Eq. (4) and (b) measured and predicted PSDs of RIN and phase noise of the SESAM laser. Inset: PSD of the pump RIN.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

rRIN(fM)=SRIN(fM)/SPumpRIN(fM),
rPN(fM)=SPN(fM)/SPumpRIN(fM).
rRF(fM)=P(fR±fM)/P(fR)/SPumpRIN(fM),
ΔSPN(f)6520·lgf+SRIN(f)(dBc/Hz).

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