Abstract

We report all-optical wavelength conversion and multicasting for a 20Gb/s (2×10Gb/s) polarization-multiplexed (Pol-MUX) nonreturn-to-zero amplitude-shift keying signal using four-wave mixing (FWM) in a silicon waveguide. The temporal waveforms and eye diagrams demodulated from both polarization channels of the converted idler are clearly observed. Moreover, the wavelength multicasting of the Pol-MUX signal is also demonstrated by using two incident pumps.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. N.-A.-S. Bhuiyan, M. Matsuura, H. N. Tan, and N. Kishi, Opt. Express 18, 2467 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Lu, L. Chen, Z. Dong, Z. Cao, and S. Wen, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5767 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 1998), pp. 85–87.
  7. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and N. Cvijetic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS7.
  8. P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, Opt. Express 17, 17758 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.
  10. N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y.-H. Kuo, H. S. Rong, V. Sih, S. B. Xu, and M. Paniccia, Opt. Express 14, 11721 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. N.-A.-S. Bhuiyan, M. Matsuura, H. N. Tan, and N. Kishi, Opt. Express 18, 2467 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y.-H. Kuo, H. S. Rong, V. Sih, S. B. Xu, and M. Paniccia, Opt. Express 14, 11721 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Betti, S.

S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bhuiyan, M. N.-A.-S.

Biberman, A.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

Cao, Z.

Chan, J.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chikama, T.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 1998), pp. 85–87.

Cristiani, I.

Cvijetic, N.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and N. Cvijetic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS7.

Degiorgio, V.

Dong, Z.

Fazal, I.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Fejer, M.

Ferrario, M.

Foster, A. C.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Foster, A. C. T.

Foster, M. A.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, L.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and N. Cvijetic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS7.

Huang, Y.-K.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, E.

S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kishi, N.

Kuo, Y.-H.

Langrock, C.

Lau, R. K. W.

Lee, B. G.

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

Marazzi, L.

Marchis, G. D.

S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, P.

Martinelli, M.

Matsuura, M.

Menard, M.

Minzioni, P.

Nuccio, S. R.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Ophir, N.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. T. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 19, 12172 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Padmaraju, K.

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

Parolari, P.

Pusino, V.

Qiu, M.

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H. S.

Shoji, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Siano, R.

Sih, V.

Su, Y.

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 1998), pp. 85–87.

Tan, H. N.

Tsuchizawa, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, Opt. Express 18, 18047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Wang, X.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 1998), pp. 85–87.

Watanabe, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

Willner, A. E.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Wu, X.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Xu, L.

Xu, S. B.

Yamada, K.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Yilmaz, O. F.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

Yu, J.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and N. Cvijetic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS7.

Zhang, H.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, Y.-K. Huang, E. Ip, and G.-K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1832 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Lu, L. Chen, Z. Dong, Z. Cao, and S. Wen, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5767 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Betti, G. D. Marchis, and E. Iannone, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Eng. 46, 090501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Other (3)

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP8.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 1998), pp. 85–87.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and N. Cvijetic, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of the wavelength conversion and multicasting for Pol-MUX signal in a silicon waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the silicon-based wavelength conversion and multicasting for Pol-MUX signal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical spectra of the wavelength conversion (a) and multicasting (b) at the end of the silicon waveguide.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal waveforms (500ps/div) of the input Pol-MUX signal (a) Sx, (b) Sy, the output idler (c) I1x, and (d) I1y, respectively. The corresponding eye diagrams (50ps/div) are shown in (b), (d), (f), and (h).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal waveforms (200ps/div) of the input Pol-MUX signal (a) Sx, (b) Sy, the first idler (e) I1x, and (g) I1y, the second idler (i) I2x, and (k) I2y, respectively. The corresponding eye diagraphs (50ps/div) are shown in (b), (d), (f), (h), (j), and (l).

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