Abstract

We propose As2S3 ring photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for supercontinuum generation of optical vortex modes. Due to the large material index contrast between As2S3 and air holes in the designed ring PCF, there is a two-orders-of-magnitude improvement of the difference between the effective refractive indices of different vortex modes compared with regular ring fiber. The design freedom of PCFs enables a low dispersion (<60ps/nm/km variation in total) over a 522 nm optical bandwidth. Moreover, the vortex mode has a large nonlinear coefficient of 11.7/W/m at 1550 nm with a small confinement loss of <0.03dB/m up to 2000 nm. An octave-spanning supercontinuum spectrum of the vortex mode is generated from 1196 to 2418 nm at 20dB by launching a 120 fs pulse with a 60 W peak power at 1710 nm into a 1 cm long As2S3 ring PCF.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (4)

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

Aggarwal, I. D.

Ahmed, N.

Balling, P.

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bezuhanov, K.

Bindra, K. S.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, K.

Bookey, H. T.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CTuB1.

Brilland, L.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, S. A.

Dolinar, S.

Dong, X.

Dreischuh, A.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

El-Amraoui, M.

Fatome, J.

Fazal, I. M.

Fortier, C.

Fu, L.

Gadret, G.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G. M.

Girkin, J. M.

Hudson, D. D.

Jacket, S.

Jackson, S. D.

Jha, A.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Judge, A. C.

Jules, J. C.

Kai, G.

Kar, A. K.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

King, T. A.

Kristensen, P.

S. Ramachandran, C. Smith, P. Kristensen, and P. Balling, Opt. Express 18, 23212 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, and M. F. Yan, Opt. Lett. 34, 2525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Bozinovic, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CTuB1.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Leach, J.

Li, E.

Li, Y.

Lin, Q.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y.

Lumer, Y.

Luther-Davies, B.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Machavariani, G.

Maegi, E. C.

Malitson, I. H.

Meir, A.

Messaddeq, Y.

Monro, T. M.

Moshe, I.

Padgett, M. J.

Painter, O.

Paulus, G. G.

Polacchini, C. F.

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, C. Smith, P. Kristensen, and P. Balling, Opt. Express 18, 23212 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, and M. F. Yan, Opt. Lett. 34, 2525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Bozinovic, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CTuB1.

Renversez, G.

Richardson, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rodney, W. S.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

Schatzel, M. G.

Shahraam, A. V.

Shamee, B.

Shaw, L. B.

Skripatchev, I.

Smektala, F.

Smith, C.

Sun, T.

Szpulak, M.

Troles, J.

Walther, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, Z.

Wherrett, B. S.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wright, A. J.

Xiao-Li, Y.

Yan, M. F.

Yan, Y.

Yang, J. Y.

Yeom, D. I.

Yuan, S.

Yue, Y.

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, L.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

N. Bozinovic, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, in CLEO: 2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CTuB1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross-section of As2S3 ring PCF. (b) Intensity and phase distributions of PCF vortex modes (TE0,1, TM0,1, HE2,1even, HE2,1odd) and OAM mode (OAM0,2=HE2,1even+i×HE2,1odd).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effective refractive indices as a function of wavelength for vortex modes in the designed As2S3 ring PCF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dispersion of vortex mode (TE0,1) with different (a) η, (b) r0, and (c) r2 of the As2S3 ring PCF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Nonlinear coefficient and confinement loss of vortex mode (TE0,1) in the designed As2S3 ring PCF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Octave-spanning supercontinuum generation of vortex mode (TE0,1) in the designed As2S3 ring PCF.

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