Abstract

We report >13MHz/mW pump power efficiency in increasing the repetition rate of passive harmonic mode-locking by engineering the soliton pulse energy in Er fiber lasers incorporating carbon nanotube saturable absorber. Stable pulses with a 5GHz repetition rate and 40 dB of super-mode suppression are demonstrated with only 400mW pump power in a single-clad fiber laser.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Jun, J. H. Im, S. H. Yoo, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, D.-I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 19, 19775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. H. Im, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, and D.-I. Yeom, Opt. Express 18, 22141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 31, 1041 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

1999

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abramski, K. M.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007), p. 90.

Amrani, F.

Arend, M.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

Chong, A.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B. C.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Y.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, P.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haboucha, A.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Im, J. H.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, K.

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jun, C. S.

Kaczmarek, P. R.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Knox, W. H.

Y. Deng, M. W. Koch, F. Lu, G. W. Wicks, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Express 12, 3872 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M. W.

Komarov, A.

Krzempek, K.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

Leng, L.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F.

Mansuripur, M.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McFerran, J. J.

Mikulla, B.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nikodem, M. P.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ortac, B.

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

Panasenko, D.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, A.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, P.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Sears, S.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sobon, G. J.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wicks, G. W.

Wise, F. W.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 31, 1041 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D.-I.

Yoo, S. H.

Zhou, S.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortac, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Jiang, S. Fu, P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 754 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. J. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. R. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. P. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007), p. 90.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic setup. RF spectrum of passive H-ML as the pump power increases when the average (Ave.) cavity dispersion is (b) 8.0ps2/km and (c) 3.9ps2/km.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectrum and (b) auto-correlation trace when the average cavity dispersion is 3.9ps2/km and pump power is 148 mW (70th, 1.75 GHz H-ML).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Passive H-ML slopes as a function of average cavity dispersion. The annotations indicate the average cavity dispersion, pulse energy, and 3 dB optical spectrum. The lines are linear-fittings.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Passive H-ML for three different sets of optical spectrum (above) and the resultant slopes (below) when the average cavity dispersion is fixed at 8.0ps2/km and the polarization controller is adjusted.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The RF spectrum for the 128th, 4.912 GHz passive H-ML in 7.5 GHz span and a 200 MHz span (inset). The fundamental mode spacing is 38.4 MHz.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A0τ=2|D|δwithD12β2,aveL,δ=γaveL,
Pτ2=P(TFWHM1.7627)2α1.76272ETFWHM=|β2,ave|γave,

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