Abstract

We investigated poly(styrene) (PSt)-based graded-index plastic optical fiber (GI-POF) with low loss and high bandwidth for home networks. To install the GI-POF in home networks, the attenuation must be below 200dB/km at a 670–680 nm wavelength, and the bandwidth must be over 2.0 GHz for the 50 m fiber. In this study, we selected a dibenzothiophene (DBT) as a dopant to PSt, and we fabricated PSt-DBT-based GI-POF. We confirmed that the PSt-DBT-based GI-POF has high bandwidth (4.4 GHz) for 50 m fiber and low loss (166193dB/km) at a 670–680 nm wavelength and obtained the GI-POF that satisfied the requirements for home networks.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

2009 (1)

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

K. Iga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

P. Polishuk, IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. Koike, Polymer 32, 1737 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

T. Kaino, J. Polym. Sci. A 25, 37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Nara, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 7061 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1976 (2)

J. W. Fleming, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 59, 503 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. Olshansky and D. B. Keck, Appl. Opt. 15, 483 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Asai, M.

Bluschke, A.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boom, H.

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

Breyer, F.

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

Fleming, J. W.

J. W. Fleming, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 59, 503 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Fujiki, M.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Nara, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 7061 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gaudino, R.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Groh, W.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Heinlein, W.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Herbrechtsmeier, P.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hirose, R.

Iga, K.

K. Iga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

T. Ishigure, K. Makino, S. Tanaka, and Y. Koike, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, D.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

T. Kaino, J. Polym. Sci. A 25, 37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Nara, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 7061 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Keck, D. B.

Knigge, A.

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

Kondo, A.

Koonen, T.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

Kragl, H.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

Lezzi, C.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lieber, W.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Makino, K.

Meier, J.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Möllers, I.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nara, S.

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Nara, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 7061 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, E.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nocivelli, A.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noda, T.

Ohtsuka, Y.

Olshansky, R.

Polishuk, P.

P. Polishuk, IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

Tanaka, S.

Theis, J.

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, N.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weyers, M.

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ziemann, O.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zorn, M.

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Meier, W. Lieber, W. Heinlein, W. Groh, P. Herbrechtsmeier, and J. Theis, Electron. Lett. 23, 1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Knigge, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 38, 882 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. Polishuk, IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(8), 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. W. Fleming, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 59, 503 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, and S. Nara, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 7061 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Polym. Sci. A (1)

T. Kaino, J. Polym. Sci. A 25, 37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Iga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Polymer (1)

Y. Koike, Polymer 32, 1737 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, H. Boom, and T. Koonen, “Gigabit Ethernet over standard step-index polymer optical fiber,” presented at the 17th International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers, Santa Clara, Calif., USA, 27Aug.2008.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Refractive index profile of DBT-doped PSt-based GI-POF. Solid line is experimental data, open circle is approximated profile by the power law form (g=3.3).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated bandwidth from the refractive index profile of DBT-doped PSt-based GI-POF. Wavelength of light source and fiber length were set to 670 nm and 50 m, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The transfer function of the DBT-doped PSt-based GI-POF. Wavelength of a light source and a fiber length were 655 nm and 50 m, respectively. The 3dB bandwidth of PSt-based GI-POF is 4.4 GHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of attenuation spectra of GI-POFs based on PSt (solid line) and PMMA (broken line) based GI-POF. (a) The range of 500–800 nm wavelength. (b) The magnified range of 620–700 nm wavelength. υn is aliphatic C-H vibration, and υn is aromatic C-H vibration (n: vibrational quantum number).

Equations (2)

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n(r)=n1[12Δ(rR)g]1/2,
Δ=n12n222n12n1n2n1,

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