Abstract

We present a design of an infrared cylindrical cloak using nanosphere dispersed nematic liquid crystal (NLC) metamaterial following the approach of Smith’s group [Science 314, 977 (2006)]. Cloaking conditions require spatial distribution of liquid crystal birefringence with constant extraordinary index of refraction and radially dependent ordinary index of refraction. An approximate analytical formula for the latter is derived. Finite element (FE) simulations confirm the cloaking effect. Owing to the tunable birefringence of the liquid crystal component, such cloaking material offers the interesting possibilities of real-time control of invisibility. The possibility of experimental realization is briefly discussed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Engheta and R. W. Ziolkowski, Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations (Wiley, 2006).
  4. S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
  5. F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, W. H. Zhang, J. B. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).
  6. F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).
  7. F. L. Zhang, W. H. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, J. B. Sun, K. P. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. V. Gorkunov and M. A. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 036101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Leonhardt and T. G. Philbin, Prog. Opt. 53, 69(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Ivsic, T. Komljenovic, and Z. Sipus, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 58, 3397 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).
  16. I. C. Khoo, D. H. Werner, X. Liang, A. Diaz, and B. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 31, 2592 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007).
  18. Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).
  19. I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).
  20. X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).
  21. G. Pawlik, M. Jarema, W. Walasik, A. C. Mitus, and I. C. Khoo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 567 (2010).
  22. M. Kaczmarek, O. Buchnev, and I. Nandhakumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 103307 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).
  24. S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).
  25. J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

2011 (4)

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

F. L. Zhang, W. H. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, J. B. Sun, K. P. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563(2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

G. Pawlik, M. Jarema, W. Walasik, A. C. Mitus, and I. C. Khoo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 567 (2010).

B. Ivsic, T. Komljenovic, and Z. Sipus, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 58, 3397 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, W. H. Zhang, J. B. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

2009 (4)

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

U. Leonhardt and T. G. Philbin, Prog. Opt. 53, 69(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

2008 (5)

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

M. V. Gorkunov and M. A. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 036101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, O. Buchnev, and I. Nandhakumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 103307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

2007 (2)

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, D. H. Werner, X. Liang, A. Diaz, and B. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 31, 2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Au Kong, J.

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boardman, A.

M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).

Brenner, P.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buchnev, O.

M. Kaczmarek, O. Buchnev, and I. Nandhakumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 103307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cazzell, S. A.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Chen, H.

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, A.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

I. C. Khoo, D. H. Werner, X. Liang, A. Diaz, and B. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 31, 2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V.

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

Engheta, N.

N. Engheta and R. W. Ziolkowski, Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations (Wiley, 2006).

Ergin, T.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Favaro, A.

M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).

Freer, A. S.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Gailot, D. P.

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

Gorkunov, M. V.

M. V. Gorkunov and M. A. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 036101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

Huangfu, J.

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Ivsic, B.

B. Ivsic, T. Komljenovic, and Z. Sipus, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 58, 3397 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jarema, M.

Jiang, K.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Kaczmarek, O. Buchnev, and I. Nandhakumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 103307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, L.

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

Khoo, I. C.

G. Pawlik, M. Jarema, W. Walasik, A. C. Mitus, and I. C. Khoo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 567 (2010).

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

I. C. Khoo, D. H. Werner, X. Liang, A. Diaz, and B. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 31, 2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007).

Kildishev, A. V.

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kinsler, P.

M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).

Komljenovic, T.

B. Ivsic, T. Komljenovic, and Z. Sipus, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 58, 3397 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

Kosa, T.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Kwon, D. H.

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt and T. G. Philbin, Prog. Opt. 53, 69(2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

Liou, J.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

Lippens, D.

F. L. Zhang, W. H. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, J. B. Sun, K. P. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563(2011).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, W. H. Zhang, J. B. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

Luo, Y.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

Ma, Y.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

McCall, M. W.

M. W. McCall, A. Favaro, P. Kinsler, and A. Boardman, J. Opt. 13, 024003 (2011).

Mitus, A. C.

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nandhakumar, I.

M. Kaczmarek, O. Buchnev, and I. Nandhakumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 103307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osipov, M. A.

M. V. Gorkunov and M. A. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 036101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pawlik, G.

Pendry, J. B.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Philbin, T. G.

U. Leonhardt and T. G. Philbin, Prog. Opt. 53, 69(2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, K. P.

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nature Photonics 1, 224 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sipus, Z.

B. Ivsic, T. Komljenovic, and Z. Sipus, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 58, 3397 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, N.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stinger, M. V.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, J. Liou, M. V. Stinger, J. Huang, and Y. Ma, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 16, 410 (2010).

Sukhomlinova, L.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Sun, J. B.

F. L. Zhang, W. H. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, J. B. Sun, K. P. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563(2011).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, W. H. Zhang, J. B. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).

Taheri, B.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walasik, W.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

Wegener, M.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, Science 328, 337 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, B.

Werner, D. H.

X. Wang, D. H. Kwon, D. H. Werner, I. C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143122 (2007).

I. C. Khoo, D. H. Werner, X. Liang, A. Diaz, and B. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 31, 2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

White, T. J.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Wu, B.-I.

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

Xi, S.

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

Xiao, S.

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. C. Khoo, and V. M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).

Yang, D. K.

T. J. White, S. A. Cazzell, A. S. Freer, D. K. Yang, L. Sukhomlinova, T. Kosa, B. Taheri, and T. J. Bunning, Adv. Mats. 23, 1389 (2011).

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 8, 568 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

S. Xi, H. Chen, B. Zhang, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155122 (2009).

Zhang, F. L.

F. L. Zhang, W. H. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, J. B. Sun, K. P. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563(2011).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, W. H. Zhang, J. B. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).

F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

Zhang, J.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Huangfu, Y. Luo, H. Chen, J. Au Kong, and B.-I. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035116 (2008).

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, H. Chen, S. Xi, and B.-I. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 033504 (2008).

Zhang, S.

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F. L. Zhang, Q. A. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gailot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104(2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Planar cylindrical NLC cell and (b) geometry of the system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Maps of εeff(ε3,λ) and (b) μeff(ε3,λ).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Plots of real parts εeff, μeff of effective parameters (3) for λ=λ0=2.93μm. (b) Dependence of ordinary refractive index no on radial coordinate r.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Finite element simulations of the magnetic field mapping around the cloaked object with TM illumination: the object is surrounded by vacuum without the cloak, (b) the object is inside the NDLC shell cloak, (c) object inside the NDLC with radial director axis distribution-cloaking effect turned off.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(μeff)z(εeff)r=(bba)2(rar)2,
(μeff)z(εeff)Θ=(bba)2.
εeff=ε3(k33+4πiNa1k332πiNa1),μeff=k33+4πiNb1k332πiNb1,

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