Abstract

We describe and demonstrate experimentally a method for photonic mixing of microwave signals by using a silicon electro-optical Mach–Zehnder modulator enhanced via slow-light propagation. Slow light with a group index of 11, achieved in a one-dimensional periodic structure, is exploited to improve the upconversion performance of an input frequency signal from 1 to 10.25 GHz. A minimum transmission point is used to successfully demonstrate the upconversion with very low conversion losses of 7dB and excellent quality of the received I/Q modulated QPSK signal with an optimum EVM of 8%.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2010 (4)

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Cabon, Sci. Iran. Trans. D 17, 149 (2010).

2007 (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Ansheng, L.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Basak, J.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brimont, A.

Cabon, B.

B. Cabon, Sci. Iran. Trans. D 17, 149 (2010).

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

Fuster, J. M.

J. Marti, V. Polo, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, Wireless Pers. Commun.15, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gardes, F. Y.

Herrera, J.

Kärtner, F.

Khilo, A.

Lin, Z.

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ling, L.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, “High dynamic range analog photonic links design and implementation,” thesis (University of Twente, Netherlands, 2009).

Marti, J.

J. Marti, V. Polo, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, Wireless Pers. Commun.15, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mirshafiei, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muping, S.

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

J. Marti, V. Polo, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, Wireless Pers. Commun.15, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, F.

J. Marti, V. Polo, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, Wireless Pers. Commun.15, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reed, G. T.

Rusch, L. A.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sanchis, P.

Sorace, C.

Taylor, H. F.

Thomson, D. J.

Vacondio, F.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Muping, Z. Lin, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, L. Ansheng, L. Ling, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 141 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photon. (2)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Sci. Iran. Trans. D (1)

B. Cabon, Sci. Iran. Trans. D 17, 149 (2010).

Other (2)

D. Marpaung, “High dynamic range analog photonic links design and implementation,” thesis (University of Twente, Netherlands, 2009).

J. Marti, V. Polo, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, Wireless Pers. Commun.15, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the slow-wave modulator used for mixing.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Conversion losses at QB and MITB bias points for both slow- and fast-light regions at IMD2 frequency. OL input power was set to be +20dBm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

IMD2 and IMD3 powers as a function of the IF input power at MITB. SFDR for both the (a) slow- and (b) fast-light region are represented. Noise floor level has been measured at 141dBm/Hz. OL input power was set to be +20dBm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

EVM as a function of IF input power for both fast- and slow-light propagation. Inset shows received constellation in the slow-light region case at the optimum point of IF input power.

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