Abstract

A new method to create a controlled notch filter for attenuation of signals based on regenerated fiber Bragg gratings is experimentally demonstrated. A fine adjustment of the notch depth is achieved by controlling the time of regeneration phenomenon in strongly saturated Bragg gratings written in standard ITU G.652 single-mode fiber. This method can used to produce tailored notch filters for several photonic applications, such as optical RF filtering, subcarrier processing or radio over fiber systems.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2010 (3)

M. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1559 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. de Oliveira and H. J. Kalinowski, Proc. SPIE 7653, 765312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Blais and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. L. Zheng and X. M. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M. H.

Aslund, M.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

Åslund, M. L.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Azaña, J.

Bandyopadhyay, S.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, ACOFT/OECC (2008).

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

Bartelt, H.

Becker, M.

Biswas, P.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

Blais, S. R.

S. R. Blais and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brückner, S.

Caneau, C.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

T. Chen, R. Chen, C. Jewart, B. Zhang, K. Cook, J. Canning, and K. P. Chen, Opt. Lett. 36, 3542 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, ACOFT/OECC (2008).

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Capmany, J.

Cappuzzo, M.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Cardozo da Silva, J. C.

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C-Hasnain, C. J.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Chen, K. P.

Chen, R.

Chen, T.

Chojetzki, C.

Cook, K.

T. Chen, R. Chen, C. Jewart, B. Zhang, K. Cook, J. Canning, and K. P. Chen, Opt. Lett. 36, 3542 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, ACOFT/OECC (2008).

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

de Oliveira, V.

V. de Oliveira, M. Muller, and H. J. Kalinowski, Appl. Opt. 50, E55 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. de Oliveira and H. J. Kalinowski, Proc. SPIE 7653, 765312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Gomez, L.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Griffin, A.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Groothoff, N.

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hasebe, K.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Jewart, C.

Jin, X.

Jovanovic, N.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Kalinowski, H. J.

V. de Oliveira, M. Muller, and H. J. Kalinowski, Appl. Opt. 50, E55 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. de Oliveira and H. J. Kalinowski, Proc. SPIE 7653, 765312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laskowski, E. J.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Li, M.

M. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1559 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, E.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Marshall, G. D.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Martelli, C.

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muller, M.

Nishiyama, N.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

Pastor, D.

Penner, E.

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, M.

Sakaguchi, T.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, M.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, ACOFT/OECC (2008).

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

Stulz, L.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

W-Foy, A.

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

Withford, M. J.

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

Yao, J.

J. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Blais and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

M. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1559 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.-E.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. M.

S. L. Zheng and X. M. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S.

Zheng, S. L.

S. L. Zheng and X. M. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

X. Zhao, K. Hasebe, T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, C. J. C-Hasnain, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, and C.-E. Zah, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1590 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Blais and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Li and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1559 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, J. Canning, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. L. Zheng and X. M. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

J. C. Cardozo da Silva, C. Martelli, H. J. Kalinowski, E. Penner, J. Canning, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Laser Eng. 45, 88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. de Oliveira and H. J. Kalinowski, Proc. SPIE 7653, 765312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Biswas, M. Aslund, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, in Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (In-Tech, 2010), pp. 363–384.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, and K. Cook, ACOFT/OECC (2008).

M. L. Åslund, N. Jovanovic, S. D. Jackson, J. Canning, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, in ACOFT/OECC (2008).

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, and A. W-Foy, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, p. 431 (2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical reflection spectra from one obtained grating at 22 °C.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Grating reflectivity behavior and temperature variation as a function of time. (b) Changes in the spectral response of saturated grating in hydrogenated fiber when subjected to temperature variations along of the time.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of the notch depth over of the responsible mechanism for its formation. In this case, the maximum depth occurs at 68th min of the regeneration process time. FBG with length LG=50mm was produced. This figure is a zoom of the reflection spectrum from of FBG showing the notch’s region.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

3 dB notch filter bandwidth as function of Bragg grating length.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Reflection spectra showing the notch depth when the oven temperature was set at 850 °C and when it is at 22 °C. No significant changes were verified in the notch depth and bandwidth (inset figure).

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